During that period fifteen different and greatly distinguished citizens have, in succession, administered the executive branch of the government. I therefore consider that, in view of the Constitution and the laws, the Union is unbroken; and to the extent of my ability I shall take care, as the Constitution itself expressly enjoins upon me, that the laws of the Union be faithfully executed in all the States. I hold that in contemplation of universal law and of the the Union of these States is perpetual. We are not, we must not be, aliens or enemies, but fellow-countrymen and brethren. Soon the play will be over, and Lincoln can get back to the White House. In his inaugural address, Lincoln promised not to interfere with the institution of slavery where it existed, and pledged to suspend the activities of the federal government temporarily in areas of hostility.
The fugitive-slave clause of the Constitution, and the law for the suppression of the foreign slave-trade, are each as well enforced, perhaps, as any law can ever be in a community where the moral sense of the people imperfectly supports the law itself. March 4, 1865 This theologically intense speech has been widely acknowledged as one of the most remarkable documents in American history. All members of Congress swear their support to the whole Constitutionto this provision as much as to any other. The Constitution does not expressly say. A haunting fact inserts itself into Lincoln's first year in office. When it is relevant to your course of study, students can be assigned a particular Presidency to research in a small group. We must not be enemies.
There has never been any reasonable cause for such apprehension. Encourage students to explore the historical context in which selected inaugural addresses were delivered and the impact of the addresses on the circumstances that influenced them. He speaks briefly about the continuation of mail service throughout the States through the difficult times at hand. Lincoln believed preserving the Union was his most important responsibility. Suppose you go to war, you cannot fight always; and when, after much loss on both sides, and no gain on either, you cease fighting, the identical old questions, as to terms of intercourse, are again upon you.
Quote From Killing Lincoln by Bill O'Reilly Friday, April 14, 1865 Washington, D. Prepare headings for a timeline with the years from 1860 to 1865 and an additional category: Before 1860. What was the leadership style Vyneet came with at the beginning of his mandate? His duty is to administer the present Government as it came to his hands and to transmit it unimpaired by him to his successor. Lincoln stands in the center, with papers in his hand. New York: Random House, 2005. The rule of a minority, as a permanent arrangement, is wholly inadmissible; so that, rejecting the majority principle, anarchy or despotism in some form is all that is left. A digitized version of Ulysses S.
At the same time, the candid citizen must confess that if the policy of the Government upon vital questions affecting the whole people is to be irrevocably fixed by decisions of the Supreme Court, the instant they are made in ordinary litigation between parties in personal actions the people will have ceased to be their own rulers, having to that extent practically resigned their Government into the hands of that eminent tribunal. The Presidential Inaugural Address that was Heard Around the World By: Thomas Banh Monday, March 4,1861 Abraham's First Inaugural Address was Presented in front of the White House among the gather crowd of 30,000 people On this day, everyone awaited for the soon to become President to give a speech It was difficult times because two weeks earlier, Jefferson Davis became the Confederate President of the Confederation of the seceding seven Southern States Secession had broke the prosperity of America which had only been 87 years old as of 1861. Though passion may have strained, it must not break our bonds of affection. A disruption of the Federal Union, heretofore only menaced, is now formidably attempted. I believe it is not immediately popular. Think, if you can, of a single instance in which a plainly written provision of the Constitution has ever been denied.
Must Congress protect slavery in the territories? If the minority will not acquiesce, the majority must, or the government must cease. All members of Congress swear their support to the whole Constitution—to this provision as much as to any other. It's in the typed portion. Lincoln wanted to be clear from the start of his presidency, his intentions and hopes for the future United States. Both thoroughly researched, the movie Lincoln 2012 and the book Killing Lincoln 2011 should be required experiences in American History courses. All dreaded it, all sought to avert it. We are not enemies, but friends.
Give background information on the Constitution as appropriate to your class. Choose a selection of documents from the following list to present to the class. If by the mere force of numbers a majority should deprive a minority of any clearly written constitutional right, it might, in a moral point of view, justify revolution—certainly would if such a right were a vital one. Abraham Lincoln wanted to calm the leaders of these states and keep them from seceding from the United States, so he tried to put them at ease in his First Inaugural Address. If it were admitted that you who are dissatisfied hold the right side in the dispute, there still is no single good reason for precipitate action. Whenever they shall grow weary of the existing government, they can exercise their constitutional right of amending it, or their revolutionary right to dismember or overthrow it. Learn more about what he said about this problem in his First Inaugural Speech and why he hoped that it would help keep the country from descending into a civil war.
But such is not our case. This edition is from Lincoln's. All who cherish disunion sentiments are now being educated to the exact temper of doing this. Though passion may have strained it must not break our bonds of affection. Chief Justice Roger Taney administered the executive oath for the seventh time. Why should there not be a patient confidence in the ultimate justice of the people? For instance, why may not any portion of a new confederacy a year or two hence arbitrarily secede again, precisely as portions of the present Union now claim to secede from it? Lincoln opposed slavery but said he would not end the practice. They can not but remain face to face, and intercourse, either amicable or hostile, must continue between them.
Whenever they shall grow weary of the existing government, they can exercise their constitutional right of amending it, or their revolutionary right to dismember or overthrow it. Such of you as are now dissatisfied, still have the old Constitution unimpaired, and, on the sensitive point, the laws of your own framing under it; while the new administration will have no immediate power, if it would, to change either. Welles, the Secretary of the Navy, was for re-supplying Fort Sumter. The people themselves can do this also if they choose; but the executive, as such, has nothing to do with it. He continues this Southern bent by stating that the responsibility of President, administration and the States themselves was to uphold the Constitution. Read , October 18, 1859 Support of slavery: The economy of the South was still dependent on slavery, but an important principle involved in the outbreak of war was whether the federal government had the right to make decisions for states.
By the frame of the Government under which we live this same people have wisely given their public servants but little power for mischief, and have with equal wisdom provided for the return of that little to their own hands at very short intervals. Suppose you go to war, you cannot fight always; and when, after much loss on both sides, and no gain on either, you cease fighting, the identical old questions as to terms of intercourse are again upon you. Students assigned to collect documents about a President will post the materials to a timeline. If by the mere force of numbers a majority should deprive a minority of any clearly written constitutional right, it might in a moral point of view justify revolution; certainly would if such right were a vital one. That there are persons in one section or another who seek to destroy the Union at all events and are glad of any pretext to do it I will neither affirm nor deny; but if there be such, I need address no word to them.