In any case, your results may be of importance to others even though they did not support your hypothesis. This is why non-textual elements should not carry over the sequential numbering of non-textual elements in the body of your paper. It is often a good idea to include a map labeled as a Figure showing the study location in relation to some larger more recognizable geographic area. Make sure the transcripts cover the entire interview, including interview questions and answers. There are several different reasons an author may include a book appendix.
New York: Kluwer Academic, 2005 , pp. She also coauthored an e-text on effective business communication strategies and has conducted workshops and seminars to a variety of business groups. You must relate your work to the findings of other studies - including previous studies you may have done and those of other investigators. The increasing growth rate of accounts will significantly affect the valuation of the company. English, business, and adult education are her areas of expertise—all related to increasing effectiveness in the workplace.
This insures that you get to the primary subject matter quickly without losing focus, or discussing information that is too general. However, there are other kinds of data you can include in the appendix, too. Maximum length should be 200-300 words, usually in a single paragraph. The full transcript from an interview is important so the reader can read the entire dialog between researcher and respondent. Although you may read some general background references encyclopedias, textbooks, lab manuals, style manuals, etc.
Your abstract should be a single paragraph double-spaced. New York: Central Broadcasting Service. Lacking a technical style guide, The Chicago Style guide is always reliable, and you might also consider the Wired Style Guide. Decide which format best shows the result and go with it. Function: Your paper should begin with a Title that succinctly describes the contents of the paper. Sara, Librarian Answer: Typically the appendix pages do not count as part of the paper. For example, if you were studying a membrane-bound transport channel and you discovered a new bit of information about its mechanism, you might present a diagram showing how your findings helps to explain the channel's mechanism.
Then, order the contents, such as graphs, surveys, or interview transcripts, based on the order in which they appear in your paper. Watch out for wordy phrases; be concise and make your points clearly. Use descriptive words that you would associate strongly with the content of your paper: the molecule studied, the organism used or studied, the treatment, the location of a field site, the response measured, etc. Do not interpret the data here. If you have summarized data in the body of your paper, you may want to refer the reader to the appropriate appendix where he or she can study the raw data.
If you are referring to a table, you would then write see Appendix A, Table 1. Focus your efforts on the primary research journals - the journals that publish original research articles. At the beginning of the paper after the Table of Contents. So, in an introductory course your analysis may consist of visual inspection of figures and simple calculations of means and standard deviations; in a later course you may be expected to apply and interpret a variety of statistical tests. The bacteria were then incubated at 37 C for 24 hr. Raw Data and Statistics It is usually good practice to include your raw data within the appendix, laying it out in a neat table and allowing anybody to recheck your results. It will divide the different subjects and make things easier to find.
Generally, technology companies that hire technical writers develop their own style manuals, because a consistent style is required when there are multiple writers. The appendix should be a space where you can include raw data that you collected during your research for your paper or essay. If you're writing a paper for a a school assignment, check with your teacher for policies regarding use of an appendix in your paper. If this writing is required for some reason, remind yourself what the reason is. Gather the information you want to place in the appendix.
The appendix or appendices should appear after your reference list or list of sources. What did we know about it before I did this study? Ask whoever assigned the writing for guidance. How do I provide in text reference to a table which appears in my appendix? If you have a very long and complex paper, with an extremely long appendix, it is a good idea to break it down into sections, allowing the reader to find relevant information quickly. In the case of research papers, supporting materials may include surveys, questionnaires, or schematics and the like that were used to produce the results included in the paper. Sara, Librarian Reply: Yes, in the caption you should write which appendix you got the figure from. Because if I insert them normally, the plagiarism detection software will detect them as copied, I presume. Date of broadcast or copyright.
If your paper requires a table of contents, the appendices must be listed. For example, if you need to contrast the techniques of analysis used by other authors with your own method of analysis, summarize that information, and cite to the original work. This is accomplished with a general review of the primary research literature with but should not include very specific, lengthy explanations that you will probably discuss in greater detail later in the. The appendix should also include visual supporting documents, such as graphs, charts, images, maps, drawings or photographs. An appendix gives useful additional information, but even without it the rest of the book is complete: In the appendix are forty detailed charts. This sense perhaps from or influenced by French appendix, where the term was in use from 1540s. Prepare the as soon as all the data are analyzed and arrange them in the sequence that best presents your findings in a logical way.