Term Quoting out of context Definition Quoting a statement in such a way as to distort its meaning by removing the statement from the words and phrases surrounding it. Term Fallacy Definition An error in reasoning Term Red herring Definition A fallacy that attacks the person rather then dealing with the real issue in dispute. A speaker must not regard his or her own opinions or interests as being the most important or valid. What ideas or examples in your speech can your audience identify with? Encoding and Decoding The speaker engages a process of encoding his or her ideas from thoughts into words, and of forming a message which is then delivered to an audience. It was put on by a competing hospital from a city over an hour from where I worked. This presents a unique audience centered approach to reach this demographic.
The people who watch or … listen to a television or radio program. Audience-centeredness means that public speakers should a. The key decisions are made by war, not by democratically elected bodies. Techniques for speaking to diverse audiences include finding commonalities, establishing credibility, incorporating relevant supporting materials, using language that all audience members understand, and acknowledging all audience members throughout the speech. How do you find the answers to these questions? Once you know the ways people listen, learn how to reach their style of listening with the words used in your public speaking.
Term What is the difference between denotative and connotative meaning? From the time you are offered the speaking gig until the moment the curtain goes down. Rather it is to gain a desired response from listeners. When the speaker views the audience only through her mental perception, she is likely to engage in egocentrism. When speaking to a global audience, it is imperative for public speakers to suspend ethnocentric judgments and engage audiences in an open, tolerant, sensitive and respectful manner. Listeners need suporting materal to accept what a speaker says. Would you like them to vote on a course of action in real time? However this may not always be so.
Term What are the different styles of attention getters in an introduction? Audience-Centered Approach to Speaking Since there is usually limited communication between the speaker and the audience, there is limited opportunity to go back to explain your meaning either during the speech or afterward. Definition Denotative Meaning: The literal or dictionary meaning of a word or phrase. Typically, leaning in and wide eyes will tell you that they like what they hear. The Public Speaking Audience divided into categories. Common forms are speeches of tribute, inspiration, eulogies, toasts, introduction, making and accepting awards, and the after-dinner speech. You want to be able to figuratively step inside the minds of audience members to understand the world from their perspectives.
It doesn't end with the last word of your speech. With this information, you can draw some general conclusions about your audience's interests and needs. Demanding respect will not insure you will get it. The three major kinds of supporting materials are examples, statistics, and testimony. Mainly this type of speech is meant to educate, inform and or persuade someone. You see, the more a speaker knows about his audience, the better able he is to tailor a speech to their preferences.
Roman candles shoot out separate groups of sparks and colored flames with a series of booming noises. Be able to recognize them in a speech Definition Chronological order: Follow a time pattern. Purpose A demographic audience analysis finds commonalities--or perhaps differences--among an audience, which the speaker can use to modify her speech. For a start you do not mix Arabic and Roman numeralslike that - it would be nonsensica … l. Entrepreneurship is a road filled with obstacles but with a great team everything is possible. Term In what ways can you create a sense of rhythm in your speech? Speakers should know the audience's average age as well as age range.
The liberal majority in the parliament rejected his plans for vastly increased military spending. Even when the speech ends, listen for verbal and non-verbal feedback. Listener Feedback Intereference: Internal interference: A listener having a toothache External interference: Static or crossed wires in a phone conversation Situation Term What are ways to help manage speech anxiety? This applies to speaking to one or speaking to one-thousand people. What value does the training have for the audience? Term Three types of examples of supporting material Definition Examples: A specific case used to illustrate or to represent a group or people, ideas, conditions, experiences, or the like Statistics: Useful to clarify and support ideas Testimony: Quotations or paraphrases used to support a point. Will it create new and more serious problems? Audience is a gathering of listeners or spectators; the people addressed by a book, play, film, etc; a formal interview or meeting, especially in which one's views are heard.
You might also use a questionnaire or rating scale to collect data about the basic demographic information and opinions of your target audience. Simon Puja and Branka Lukić are our design and branding team. I might add, the audience centered approach works great for speaking within personal relationships as well as with audiences. Everyone has different ways they listen. Questions of policy: A question about whether a specific course of action should or shouldn't be taken Term Target audience Definition Is the portion of the whole audience that the speaker most wants to persuade. Do you know how to meet this need? And clean off whatever mess we leave here. Tips for the Speaker In summary, use your knowledge of the audience to adapt your speech accordingly.
What keeps them awake at night? Do not speak in the language of popular culture. For example, speakers can assess the demographics of her audience. What is the most effective way of composing and presenting my speech to accomplish that aim? By knowing information like this about his audience, he is better equipped to keep the jargon specific to a more homogenous group. Definition Be courteous and attentive Avoid prejudging the speaker Maintain the free and open expression of ideas Term What are examples of abusive language, and how can it affect the relationship between speaker and audience? Public Speaking Glossary The following is a glossary of terms commonly used in relation to public speaking and by professional speakers. Together we always approach our clients and try to communicate their business not only locally but internationally. Do you know how to develop this ability? Listening Style of those you speak to. It will include considering the background, needs and make up of those in the audience.
However, the speaker is addressing a larger audience or speaking via teleconferencing or webcasting tools, it may be useful to collect data via surveys or questionnaires. Pinwheels throw off sparks and flames as they whirl on the end of a stick. When analyzing your audience, you gather two types of information: demographic and psychographic. Lances are thin, colorful fireworks used in ground displays. The perspective of those who invite you to speak is particularly valuable for gathering demographic data, and online sources of demographics and public opinion can also be of benefit.