In effect, sensitivity analysis lets the project accountant experiment with possible scenarios. The length of an introduction is usually one paragraph for a journal article review and two or three paragraphs for a longer book review. Reflection is about using questions to retell a story; it's about answering these questions critically and, in so doing, often results in a well structured, reflective case-study; as well as improving one's own clinical understanding and practice. Her headaches are primarily in the suboccipital region, bilaterally but worse on the right. Discussion: In this section we may want to identify any questions that the case raises.
The purpose of each reflective cycle is to learn and draw conclusions that will ultimately lead to actions that will impact on your clinical practice and professional development plans. Longer term non-contemporaneous reflection can also be added and this comparison of different chronological perspectives is a powerful way to generate insight. There are many different ways to write your reflective statement but the key elements featured above should all be included to evidence your understanding of Good Medical Practice, regardless of the individual circumstance. Their client support is outstanding and they have always resolved any queries promptly and personally. Gouthey The finance section of an effective business case is primarily for those who approve funding.
If similar cases have been reported previously, we describe them briefly. Figure 1: Intensity of headaches as recorded on a visual analogue scale vertical axis versus time horizontal axis during the four weeks that the patient was under care. They express the problems with the current situation and demonstrate the benefits of the new business vision. At postgraduate level literature reviews can be incorporated into an article, a research report or thesis. Treatment was given on days 1, 3, 5, 8, 10, 12, 15, 18, 22 and 25. The patient maintained a headache diary indicating that she had two headaches during the first week of care, and one headache the following week. Often the abstract is displayed by a search engine, and on the basis of the abstract the reader will decide whether or not to download the full article which may require payment of a fee.
Whilst the project proposal focuses on why you want a project it will only contain an outline of the project: business vision, business need, expected benefits, strategic fit, products produced, broad estimates of time and cost, and impact on the organisation. This case demonstrates a classical presentation of cervicogenic headache which resolved quickly with a course of spinal manipulation, supportive soft-tissue therapy and postural advice. However, compression of the neck in right rotation and extension produced some right suboccipital pain. Also, if we use any photographs which might identify a patient, we will need their written permission. Quite obviously, since the overwhelming majority of clinical interactions occur in the field, not in teaching or research facilities, it falls to the field practitioner to record and pass on their experiences.
In practice, we have found that both experienced practitioners and student paramedics have been able to use these steps to shape their writing. Reflection is a hot-topic in paramedic education. Project Approach The project approach describes how the project is tackled. This project organisation section describes how the project is set up. What was your initial gut reaction, and what does this tell you? In addition, patient consent to publish the case report is also required.
Check your assignment question and your criteria sheet to know what to focus on. While case studies cannot provide specific guidance for the management of successive patients, they are a record of clinical interactions which help us to frame questions for more rigorously designed clinical studies. Remember that our case study may be read by people who are not familiar with spinal manipulation, and, even within chiropractic circles, nomenclature for technique is not well standardized. What are you doing differently now? Summarising and paraphrasing for the critical review Summarising and paraphrasing are essential skills for academic writing and in particular, the critical review. It outlines a series of applicable, sequential questions. Conclusion: what else could you have done? What choices did you make and what effect did they have? This will explore the potential solutions and recommend the best option.
It describes what is included and what is excluded plus the key interdependencies with other projects. Her headaches have increased in frequency in the past year, now occurring three to four days per week. It includes a framework to record a first round data collection and then a follow up second round data collection to review your progress. The number of sources that you will be required to review will depend on what the literature review is for and how advanced you are in your studies. Example 2 - Gibb's reflective cycle Gibbs' 1998 reflective cycle guides us through six stages of reflection: 1. Do an extensive search of the literature Find out what has been written on the topic. Also, do not refer to personal communication, since readers have no way of checking this information.
A business case should be concise and to the point. Case studies also provide valuable teaching material, demonstrating both classical and unusual presentations which may confront the practitioner. Analyse the literature you have found In order for your writing to reflect strong critical analysis, you need to evaluate the sources. Conclude the introduction with a brief statement of your evaluation of the text. We covered a lot of ground and may give the impression that the resulting business case is a large and unwieldy document.
Instead, it is demonstrated through evidence of analytical thinking, learning and action planning. It succinctly conveys vital information about the project and communicates the entire story to the reader. Authors may decide that the particular circumstances of their case study justify digression from our recommendations. Do you have evidence to support or refute your assumptions? The Project Definition This is the largest part of the business case and is for the project sponsor, stakeholders, and project team. When writing an initial business case the option appraisal is likely to contain a long list of options and will cover many possibilities. Permissions: If any tables, figures or photographs, or substantial quotations, have been borrowed from other publications, we must include a letter of permission from the publisher. The distinction between migraine and cervicogenic headache is not always clear.