He believes, however, that Caesar is the consummate actor, lulling the populace into believing that he has no personal ambition. Like the other conspirators he fears what life under King Caesar's rule could mean for him and the privileges he has. Brutus and Cassius are chased out of the city in the ensuing chaos, and Antony forms the second triumvirate with Octavius and Lepidus. . He is widely admired for his noble nature.
Flavius a tribune of the people. Caesar was elected one of the curule for 65 bce, and he celebrated his of this office by unusually lavish expenditure with borrowed money. His love for Caesar is sincere, but he is shrewd and selfish enough to use it for his own ends. In academic circles, Brutus is still a source of much heated debate; does assassinating a leader for the good of the people constitute bravery worthy of a tragic hero or can the end never justify the means? Lucilius The officer who impersonates Brutus at the second battle of Philippi and is captured by Antony's soldiers. She warns Caesar against going to the Senate on the Ides of March, since she has had terrible nightmares and heard reports of many bad omens. Truly, Sir, all that I live by, is the awl: I meddle with no tradesman's matters, nor woman's matters, but withal, I am indeed, Sir, a surgeon to old shoes; when they are in great danger, I recover them. And do you now put on your best attire? He is removed from office after derobing the statues of Caesar.
Throughout the action, Cassius remains relatively unconcerned with the unscrupulous means he is willing to use to further the republican cause, and at Sardis, he and Brutus come almost to breaking up their alliance because Brutus objects to his ways of collecting revenue to support the armies. Thus clemency was probably not just a matter of policy. To accomplish his goal of removing Caesar from power, he resorts to using his keen insight into human nature to deceive Brutus by means of a long and passionate argument, coupled with bogus notes. Caesar ranked as a masterly public speaker in an age in which he was in competition first with Hortensius and then with Cicero. Brutus then decides to go along with Cassius's plan for the good of the Roman people. After the suppression of in 63 bce, Caesar, as well as the millionaire , was accused of complicity. Decius Brutus a man opposed to Caesar.
Brutus ought to have acted as Antony, to be faithful to his deepest convictions, and to have remained friendly or at least indifferent to Caesar. It is by no means certain that Shakespeare's own views are to be found always in the utterances of his characters. Caesar then besieged Vercingetorix in Gergovia near modern Clermont-Ferrand. Brutus later hears that Portia has killed herself out of grief that Antony and Octavius have become so powerful. He could not finish off the conquest of the Morini and Menapii before the end of the campaigning season of 56 bce; and in the winter of 56—55 bce the Menapii were temporarily expelled from their home by two immigrant peoples, the Usipetes and Tencteri.
Calpurnia the wife of Caesar. Cassius: One of the original conspirators against Caesar. The support he is getting from his people after winning battles made him feel he is invincible — hence, an immortal being. The traditional competition among members of the Roman nobility for office and the spoils of office was thus threatening to turn into a desperate race for seizing autocratic power. It is said that he was particular in his dress. Later, he discovers Cassius' body. Insists on marching to Philippi.
If he were to stand in 49 bce for the consulship for 48 bce, he would be out of office, and therefore in danger, during the last 10 months of 49 bce. Julius however is not just a leader but a friend, husband, and a father to his adopted son Octavius. Brutus is a philosopher; Cassius is a partisan. He has conquered Europe and been a great leader. His ghost haunts the remainder of the play, and his name is invoked by both Cassius and Brutus before they commit suicide in the final act.
Brutus is the nobler instructor; Cassius the better politician. Casca relates to Cassius and Brutus how Antony offered the crown to Caesar three times and how each time Caesar declined it. As the play progresses, we retain all our respect for Brutus's high moral character and disinterestedness, but cannot fail to see that, though forced to act, he is not qualified for action. Cassius sees Brutus as the catalyst that will unite the leading nobles in a conspiracy, and he makes the recruitment of Brutus his first priority. His father, Gaius Caesar, died when Caesar was but 16; his mother, Aurelia, was a notable woman, and it seems certain that he owed much to her. Mark Antony recognizes with these words that Brutus acted from a sense of civic duty, not malice, nor greed nor envy. He was also generous in granting Roman citizenship to aliens.
Truly, Sir, to wear out their shoes, to get myself into more work. It is he who gathers those against Caesar around him and it is Cassius who carefully manipulates Brutus to their cause by appealing to Brutus' sense of civic duty which believes that Caesar as a King would be bad for the people of Rome and by Cassius' clever use of forged letters. He used part of his growing wealth from Gallic loot to hire political agents in Rome. Young Cato The son of Marcus Cato, the brother of Portia, the brother-in-law of Brutus, and a soldier in the army commanded by Brutus and Cassius. When he realizes the cause is lost, Brutus convinces his servant, Strato, to hold his sword while he falls upon it, and he dies.
The Roman governing class had consequently come to be hated and discredited at home and abroad. He thus committed the first act of. He appeals to Brutus's sense of honor, nobility, and pride to convince him to go along with his plan. Portia: The wife of Marcus Brutus, she tries to learn from Brutus the assassination conspiracy he is hiding from her. Human nature was paramount with Shakespeare, and the facts of history have been subordinated in his plays wherever they interfered with his conception of character. Boston: Phillips Sampson and Company, 1851.