They made board games, and other fun activities. This economic acceleration provided the basis for the formation of regional kingdoms. Osiris: The god of the dead and of resurrection, he is also the ruler of the Underworld. The governments of both the civilizations were political monarchies, with a kind in Mesopotamia and a Pharaoh in Egypt. Economically, these two civilizations both shared prosperous success in similar manners. Priests in both Mesopotamian and Egyptian religions wore no special costumes.
Daily rituals included clothing and cleaning the statues and offering food to the gods. From ancient Egypt, knowledge of anatomy and medicine greatly expanded thanks to the practice of mummification and the use of herbs to treat illnesses. He is sometimes called the King of the Gods. Predictable flooding and irrigation methods provided for dense populations. The Egyptian faith was based on a collection of ancient myths, nature worship, and innumerable deities. As stated above, there are many similarities between the Egypt and Mesopotamia civilizations.
However, one difference between Mesopotamia and Egypt is the weather patterns of their respected localities. The gods Mesopotamia believed in tended to be absolute rulers to whom the people owed total devotion. The first mummies found date from about 2900 bce, and the process improved slowly over time. As a result, the gods were seen as unpredictable beings of extraordinary power who had to be kept content by priests. They would adopt another personal god in the hopes of getting better results from their prayers. Each Mesopotamian city had at least one temple complex, and each complex was dedicated to the worship of a single deity.
Ishtar journeyed to the Underworld to retrieve her love, Tammuz. Several times each year it was believed that the ghosts of the dead could leave the underworld and return to the land of the living above ground. Then followed another period of social unrest and invasion, ending in the final great kingdom period, the New Kingdom, around 1570 B. The Nile civilization admired and celebrated at the mineral waters that came in the favorably regular floods that provided lush vegetation and ease for society support, where in contrast, Sumerians had to settle for ruthless and unpredictable floods that lead towards more destruction than aid to their settlement. The bureaucracy was indefinitely affected by the structures.
On the other hand, Egypt did not generate an epic literary tradition. Of these, six were regular holidays. The most complete copy that has survived dates from the end of the second millennium bce and is thus a rather late addition to the Mesopotamian religion. City-state type of government was adopted by the rulers of Mesopotamia. At that time it was a land of marshes and grassland rather than desert as it is now.
They had differences as well, including their political structures, most notably that the Egyptians operated under a centralized government and the Mesopotamians had separate, self controlled city-state governments. Both followed the system of a hierarchy, yet Egyptians held their women high in respect while the Mesopotamians saw them as inferior to society. It was mainly culture, not physical appearance that served as the criterion of personal identification in both Egypt and Mesopotamia. One way in which they are different was that both their trade partners were different. In Egypt, where nature was less destructive, the gods were seen as kind and generous and generally well-disposed toward humanity. Though there are doubts but Egyptian is certainly older to Mesopotamian. The Egyptians depended on the Nile, whilst the Mesopotamians depended on the Tigris and Euphrates rivers.
To stop married women from tempting other men, they were forced to cover their bodies, except for their faces, with veils. The daily routine of work for the majority of ancient Egyptians was broken up throughout the year by a variety of religious observances. . Others were replayed by priests behind the closed doors of the temple. Ancient Egyptians also took care to prepare themselves for the afterlife during their lives on earth.
Another similarity between the Egypt and the Mesopotamia civilizations was their Religion. At times the rivers would produce deadly flash floods, and on other occasions, there would be droughts that would diminish their water supply. It had a , hierarchy chain of command , and rituals for worship. Politically, both governments derived from a monarch. These societies allowed human beings, for the first time in history, to settle down in one place and farm instead of chasing their often dangerous wild animal food sources. The political and social… usually built along the rivers or in the river valleys. About the Author Evan Centanni specializes in world cultures and human geography.
Similar wedge-shaped marks, called cuneiform by archaeologists and historians, formed the basis of the Sumerian system of writing, which remained in use for thousands of years. These included everything from jewelry to weapons, furniture, and even for the wealthy their slaves. It is probable, though, that the status of women was greater in Egypt than in Mesopotamia where women's position seems to have deteriorated after Sumer. On the other hand, Mesopotamia was built in the fertile area between Tigris and Euphrates River. Egypt and Mesopotamia were similar in the way that they both were monarchies.