When we call political science a branch of social science, we invariably use the word science in a broad sense. But we should keep in mind that like other methods this method is also not free from flaws. A renowned author has analysed the scope of Political Science from four different angles and these are: Politics as the art of government, politics as public affairs, politics as compromise and consensus, politics as power and distribution of resources. The word ' politics' is derived from the Greek word ' Polis' which means the city-state. It is a matter of regret that China first of all agreed in 1954, to follow the Indian path of Panch Sheel with regard to the solution of the problem of Tibet but later on it abandoned that path and occupied many Indian posts. The concept of power relates to the capacity of social agents and institutions. Generally facts and data are collected from various sources, they are meticulously analysed and then models are prepared.
The discussion will, to the extent possible, follow the organization of the Politics. And, again, it is beneficial if the group that does not have political power is allowed to share in it to the greatest extent possible, though it should not be allowed to hold the authoritative offices such as general, treasurer, and so forth. Parties often espouse an exp … ressed ideology or vision bolstered by a written platform with specific goals, forming a coalition among disparate interests. Thus, it is quite clear that the agency which acts on behalf of the State is an integral part of the State. Put simply, these kinds of knowledge are distinguished by their aims: theoretical knowledge aims at contemplation, productive knowledge aims at creation, and practical knowledge aims at action. A proper definition of politics can, for academic purposes, be divided into two parts—the authoritative and coercive use of power or means or methods and the other part is for what purpose this power is used. Thing is a proper noun and it discusses various aspects of the particular article or thing or animal.
However, to have power does not mean that it will be used indiscriminately. People differ in the way they perceive things, and disagree in almost every conceivable aspect of life. There are number of exponents of this concept and most renowned of them are Harold Lasswell and Kaplan. In modern liberal democracies, of course, the ability of all to share in freedom and for each citizen to live as one wants is considered one of the regime's strengths. Their sole purpose is to satisfy the transitory public interests. Without power, decision and policy cannot be properly implemented.
That he believes that some people who are currently enslaved are not being held in slavery according to justice is also undeniable this would apparently also mean that there are people who should be enslaved but currently are not. Bernard Crick says that whenever a society is plagued by crises, the impact falls upon the society and it is reflected on political science. She knew, too, that he was really interested in books dealing with politics, philosophy, and theology, that art was utterly foreign to his nature; but, in spite of this, or rather, in consequence of it, Alexey Alexandrovitch never passed over anything in the world of art, but made it his duty to read everything. He can meet the needs of food, clothing and shelter with the help of others. A government worthy of its name must devise means to tackle this development and ultimately this comes to be a part of art of government.
The members of the government must come from the general public that is people. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002. Financial managers are concerned with the determination of total assets worth of investments in various assets and cho … ose the sources of funds to finance the asset. In both situations facts are explained with all seriousness and alertness of mind. The miserable conditions of workers of Britain pained Marx and Engels so much that they devoted their entire life to the way of emancipation of the working class. What does justice require when political power is being distributed? Nature of Politics : If we study the various definitions given above we shall come across several features or various aspects of the nature of politics and some are stated below: One, the definition or idea of politics is flexible or changing.
Miller, emphasies the disagreement nature of politics in his The Nature of Politics. Thus politics means the political affairs or administration of polis. Auguste Comte believes that there can be three methods for the scientific study of social phenomena. Greek philosopher Aristotle called politics a master science that is a science subject with great importance. Our practical experience teaches us that power illegitimately used also finds a place in political science.
This identity is formed by the unique circumstances surrounding the group of individuals like geography, history, philosophy, religion, ideology, language, race, and allegiance. For many, the rewards of other activities are more immediate and concrete. In 1971 Swiss women were enfranchised. Though it is true yet the fault does not lie with Political Science. What matters most is the state is present everywhere.
Having seen Aristotle's definition of the city and its purpose, we then get an example of Aristotle's usual method of discussing political topics. Fortunately, the beginning student of Aristotle will not need to concern themselves much with these problems. The opposite picture is neo-liberals want to restrict the state activity to minimum function. Heywood, 2007 is of the opinion that politics is the activity through which people make, preserve and amend the general rules under which they live. This is the reason why the subject of our study is the State and the Government, which are the part and parcel of Political Science. We are dedicated to developing understandings of institutions, practices, and relations that constitute public life and modes of inquiry that promote citizenship. These differences help establish separate identity.
For proper understanding of political science it is necessary to throw light on these terms because without it a clear understanding of the subject will never be achieved. Note again the contrast with modern Western nation-states where there are very few opportunities to participate directly in politics and most people struggle to avoid serving on juries. Secondly, like other chemicals human tendencies which affect social and political life to a very great extent cannot be measured with the help of any artificial apparatus. Vernon Van Dyke Political Science: A Philosophical Analysis believes in these times. The central idea of this definition is Lasswell calls political science an empirical science. For Aristotle, remember, politics is about developing the virtue of the citizens and making it possible for them to live a life of virtue. A general and numerously accepted definition of political science is: The study of state, government and politics and this study must be based on scientific principles and reasons.