Finance is the science of management of funds of a business Branches Financial Accounting, Management accounting, Cost accounting, Tax Accounting etc. This is in contrast to more traditional accounting methods that are hostile to lean thinking because they reflect the traditional management principles that are counter to lean thinking. On the contrary, accounting conventions are the methods and procedure which are followed to give a true and fair view of the financial statement. They are not legally documented policies. With the rise of new accounting issues, new financial products, and changes in the financial reporting landscape, new conventions shall be developed. Every financial transaction that occurs is interpreted taking into consideration the accounting concepts, which guides the accounting methods.
The other conventions you will encounter in a set of accounts can be summarised as follows: Monetary measurement Accountants do not account for items unless they can be quantified in monetary terms. Conventional Sources These are the commonly and widely used sources eg. Examples of conventions include consistency, objectivity, disclosure, etc. All financial transaction that occurs in a business is interpreted taking into consideration the accounting concepts, which serve as a guide to accounting methods. Full disclosure to satisfy any reasonable demand for information in accordance with the Shari'a. Accountants all over the world agree on certain basic points on which financial accounting theory and practice are based, which are commonly referred to as 'accounting principles', 'postulates of accounting', 'accounting concepts', 'accounting conventions' and 'accounting standards'.
A concept is an idea or abstract principle. Reliability This implies that the accounting information that is presented is truthful, accurate, complete nothing significant missed out and capable of being verified e. Accounting includes identifying, measuring, recording and reporting and analyzing economic events and transactions. In order to ensure that these standards of accuracy, fairness and consistency are met, a number of accounting concepts and conventions have been developed. Link:- Buy entire course on 11th accountancy: Subscribe Us For More Updates: Link : Website : To Get Regular Content Updates- Like Us On Facebook : Follow Us On Twitter : Add Us On Google+ for updates on our upcoming Videos Email us info letstute.
Under the system, aspects of transactions are classified into two main types: 1. Cost Concept The basis on which assets are recorded in the books of accounts is the cost- that is the price paid to acquire them. Book keeping is the recording of financial transactions and events, either ma … nually or electronically. B: equal charges repel, opposite charges attract. Equities are two types i Owners' Equity and ii Outsiders' Equity Owners' equity otherwise called 'capital' denotes the claims of the owners against the assets of the entity where as outsiders' equity denotes the claims of creditors, debenture holders ,lenders etc against the assets of the entity.
This concept is based on Accrual concept as it gives importance to occurrence of an expense which is spent for generating a revenue. Auditing is working from the completed books and records to ensure that they proeprly reflect generally accepted accounting principals, or if it is a compliance audit e. Accounting concepts have been created by professional organizations and may also be backed by law and governing bodies as standard principles that must be followed in the preparation of financial statements. I've seen people with synthetic oil loose their coolant, drive the car till it stops, tow it in, fix the coolant leak, replace coolant, do an oil change, start the car up and drive it … for years with no problems. Fertilization is the union of of human egg and sperm cells. The Concept of Depreciation and Tangible Asset Theor for sale.
Key Characteristics of Accounting Information There is general agreement that, before it can be regarded as useful in satisfying the needs of various user groups, accounting information should satisfy the following criteria: Understandability This implies the expression, with clarity, of accounting information in such a way that it will be understandable to users - who are generally assumed to have a reasonable knowledge of business and economic activities Relevance This implies that, to be useful, accounting information must assist a user to form, confirm or maybe revise a view - usually in the context of making a decision e. The last is the industry practices convention, which mandates that industry practices should be followed even if they differ from the generally accepted accounting principles. The alteration of either of these two conventions would change the entire nature of financial accounting. The name was not given to the more recently established congregations of men like the Jesuits or Passionists, etc. Information is more relevant if it is disclosed timely. Its main duties are observe, valuate and recommend the financial statement and the firm.
For example, it may keep a record of everyone who logs onto a system. Rectory originally referred to a residence of the rector of an academic or ecclesiastical institution. They necessarily are derived from the economic and political environment and from the modes of thought and customs of all segments of the business community. Convention of Full Disclosure c. Takaful means mutual help among the group i. Thus money as a unit of measurement fails.
Various provisions are made by the Companies Act to prepare these financial statements. The actual payment due from the customer may not arise until several weeks or months later - if the customer has been granted some credit terms. With the help of the financial statement of an entity, internal audit, and tax audit is conducted at the end of the financial year. Some senior accounting or finance staff have cross- … over in their jobs and perform both tasks. The financial analysis is done with the help of the financial statement, submitted by the auditor. Unit of Measure Postulate d.