Primary group A social group characterized by frequent face-to-face interaction, the commitment and emotional ties members feel for one another, and relative permanence. All aspects of life inside support the goal of the institution. Discovery The uncovering of something that existed but was unknown; a source of cultural change. Term What is an experiment? Homosexual Someone who is emotionally, erotically, and physically attracted to persons of his or her own sex. Deviant career The regular pursuit of activities regarded by the individual and by others as deviant.
In research, the total number of cases with a particular characteristic. Hospice An organization designed to provide care and comfort for terminally ill persons and their families. Verstehen The effort to understand social behavior in terms of the motives individuals bring to it. Who Wrote it and why was it important? Play Spontaneous activity undertaken freely for its own sake yet governed by rules and often characterized by an element of make-believe. Religion A set of shared beliefs and rituals common to a special community and focusing on the sacred and supernatural.
Language Spoken or written symbols combined into a system and governed by rules. Authorities advise rules by themselves 4. Social control The relatively patterned and systematic ways in which society guides and restrains individual behaviors so that people act in predictable and desirable ways. Hyperinflation Anextreme form of inflation. Nuclear family A family form consisting of a married couple and their children. Interlocking directorates The practice of overlapping memberships on corporate boards of directors. Term What is the one exception to the centralization and concentration of the media? Marxian approach A theory that uses the ideas of Karl Marx and stresses the importance of class struggle centered around the social relations of economic production.
In some point of life few of us have an experience or prervillage of crosing cultural boundaries independly of secondary socialization by clashing with behaviour is not know as a norm for them. Labeling theory A theory of deviance that focuses on the process by which some people are labeled deviant by other people and thus take on deviant identities rather than on the nature of the behavior itself. Definition Television is negative Yet pro is better at multi-tasking Term The role of the work place in socialization Definition People become integrated by money but ambitious Term Religion and the state in socialization Definition Both mark important changes in your life with ceremonies and events. Descriptive study A research study whose goal is to describe the social phenomena being studied. Evolutionary theories Theories of social change that see societies as evolving from simpler forms to more complex ones. Resocialization The process of socializing people away from a group or activity in which they are involved. Id In Freudian theory, a concept referring to the unconscious instinctual impulses-- for instance, sexual or aggressive impulses.
Association A group of people bound together by common goals and rules, but not necessarily by close personal ties. Formal operational stage-at adolescence they understand a concept of the abstract. Religious ritual, according to him, may enable the bereaved to reassert their collective solidarity, to express their common norms and values upon which the proper functioning of the community depends. Ideology A system of ideas that reflects, rationalizes, and defends the interests of those who believe in it. Affirmative action The requirement that employers make special efforts to recruits hire and promote qualified members of previously excluded groups including women and minorities. How societies develop and change. Scapegoating Blaming a convenient but innocent person or group for one's trouble or guilt.
Ethnography A detailed study based on actual observation of the way of life of a human group or society. Term What are the major research designs? Agencies are like catalyst they shape and transform the behavior of the people. Social functions and dysfunctions of religion sociology guide. Term What is narcotizing dysfunction? They usually form an economic unit, and adult members care for the dependent children. Social Structure and Social Functions Structural functionalism is one of the main perspectives in sociology.
Tension release theory A theory suggesting that sport serves as a form of social safety valve, allowing individuals to vent their seething aggressions. Define dysfunction at dictionary browse url? Line job A job that is part of the central operations of an organization rather than one that provides support services for the operating structure. Term bureaucracy Definition component of formal organization; dependent upon rules to enforce hierarchy weber 1. Term Who is an opinion leader? Racism The institutionalized domination of one racial group by another. . Role accumulation Adding more statuses and roles to the ones an individual already has. Contact hypothesis The theory that people of different racial groups who became acquainted would be less prejudiced toward one another.
Discrimination The unequal and unfair treatment of individuals or groups on the basis of some irrelevant characteristic, such as race, ethnicity, religion, sex, or social class. Shozan shibano aspects of dysfunctions. Definition Monthly magazine by DuBois to guidge the Civil Rights Agenda. Location In Kanter's view, a person's position in an organization with respect to having control over decision making. Athletics A form of sport that is closer to work than to play.
It is explicitly stated and understood by the participants in the relevant action. Instinct A genetically determined behavior triggered by specific conditions or events. Ethnomethodology The study of the methods used by individuals to communicate and make sense of their everyday lives as members of society. Face-work A term used by Goffman to refer to the actions taken by individuals to make their behavior appear consistent with the image they want to present. Internalization The process of taking social norms, roles, and values into one's own mind. Experimental group In research, the group of individuals exposed to the independent variable that is being introduced by the experimenter. Any malfunctioning part or element the dysfunctions of country's economya consequence a social practice behavior pattern that undermines stability system manifest are anticipated disruptions life.