Eastern and western ghats of india. Topographic Map of India 2019-01-29

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Eastern and Western Ghats of India UPSC; Eastern and Western Ghats Facts

eastern and western ghats of india

This is the only Flying Lizard Draco dussumieri species found in India! Here the height is 915 meters. They form a natural border between the Indian subcontinent and most of the rest of Asia. Several hill stations, cities and lakes, which are popular tourist destinations are part of this range. The Ganges, Son, Brahmaputra, Chambal, Yamuna, and Gogra are the major rivers of India. The western slopes are green throughout the year and some of the important trees found are Rosewood, Mahagony, Cedar etc and the eastern part of the slope predominantly have dry and moist weather and the trees found here are Teak, Sal, Shisham etc. The sub-cluster is spread over the western side of Satara, Sangli and Kolhapur districts of Maharashtra state. Due to extremely variable terrain of these hills, the rainfall pattern also varies tremendously with Pudur in the rain shadow area of Attapdi receiving only 800 mm annually, while Neelikal area of Silent Valley National Park receives more than 5,000 mm of annual precipitation.

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Western Ghats

eastern and western ghats of india

This gives us a fair idea of the differences in elevation levels of the hills in both the ghats. Its northern boundaries are marked by the flat Palnadu basin, while in the south it merges with the hills. The , which are possibly a fault scarp, are the crest of the western edge of the Deccan plateau. Thus, the soil and water of this region sustain the livelihoods of millions of people. Western Ghats is home for 139 mammals which include Bengal tiger, Indian elephants, Malabar large spotted civet and many more, 508 bird species which include rufous breasted laughingthrush, Nilgiri wood pigeon, Malabar grey hornbill, grey headed bulbul, rufous babbler, white bellied blue flycatcher and many more, 179 amphibians like Rhacophorus polypedates, philautus and Bufo, around 6,000insects species like bufferflies, leeches, dragonflies,freshwater molluscs, snails and many more and around 300 fish species like Horabagrus catfish, dwarf pufferfish, Osteobrama bakeri and many more. The between Maharana Pratap of Mewar and Mughal forces of Akbar lead by Man Singh was fought near this pass. The southernmost of the Eastern Ghats are the low and Karanthamalai Hills of southern Tamil Nadu.

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Western Ghats

eastern and western ghats of india

Anamalai Sub-cluster Lying to the south of Palghat Gaps, a prominent break in the main Western Ghats ridgeline, the Anamalai sub-cluster, along with the Anamalai hills, form the southern part of the Western Ghats. View of Eastern Ghats at Kollimalai , Tamil Nadu Flora The southern tropical thorn scrub type forests consist of open, low vegetation that is characterised by thorny trees with short trunks and low, branching crowns that rarely meet to form a closed. The climate of the higher hill ranges is generally cooler and wetter than the surrounding plains and the hills are home to coffee plantations and enclaves of dry forest. A strong set of relationships and partnerships has been developed with state and local government authorities, civil society organizations and community groups in the region. Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India. The highest peak of western ghats is the Mahendragiri.

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Eastern Ghats

eastern and western ghats of india

This is located 40 Km from Udaipur of state. The area extends from the south of the Brahmagiri hills in Karnataka through the Wayanad plateau into the northern Nilgiri hill slopes and the Mysore plateau which links up to the Sigur plateau and the Moyar river valley. Species level endemism is much higher and is common to almost all genera present here. The Warna river originating here divides the protected area into northern and southern halves. Here the highest peaks are Arma Konda 1680 meters , which followed by Gali Konda 1643 meters and Sinkram Gutta 1620 meters.

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Eastern Ghats

eastern and western ghats of india

The Temple is situated in in state in the Eastern Ghats. It eventually joins the Ganges River on the plains. Forms a rugged barrier between the Indus River valley and Afghanistan. Many important rivers including Kallada, Achankoil, Vamanapuram, Karamana and Neyyar rivers of Kerala and the Tharimabarani River along with its tributaries - The Ramanadhi and Manimuthar river of Tamil Nadu, originate from the upper slopes of Agasthyamalai hills. An additional 19 species are considered data deficient. Its northern boundaries are marked by the flat Palnadu basin, while in the south it merges with the hills.

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About the Western Ghats

eastern and western ghats of india

The Khyber Pass forms a gap about 30 miles long in the mountains on the Afghanistan-Pakistan border. The , including the region, lie between the Eastern Ghats and the Bay of Bengal. They are eroded and cut through by the four major rivers of peninsular India, known as the , , , and. Bulbous plants, orchids, tuberous plants, herbs, ephemerals and herbs also grow here. It receives an annual rainfall of between 2,000 mm to 6,000 mm in most of the areas.

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About the Western Ghats

eastern and western ghats of india

Micrixalus is a genus of frogs endemic to the Western Ghats of India! There are more than forty-five kinds of lizards and snakes. There are lot of rare species of birds present in the Western Ghats. The climate is tropical humid in the lower reaches of the Western Ghats since it is influenced by the proximity to the Arabian Sea. Archived from on 17 November 2007. The Nilgiri biosphere reserve, along with the rest of the sub cluster conserves highly threatened species of animals including Asian elephant, tiger, nilgiri tahr and gaur. Chicago University of Chicago Press.


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Some useful facts on the Western and Eastern Ghats of India

eastern and western ghats of india

In the Eastern Ghats, there are many famous rivers have cut gaps through the Eastern Ghats and have separately broken its continuity. The Western Ghats terminate about 20 km north of Cape Comorin. Source of rivers: Western Ghats is source of many large rivers which flow in the Peninsular India. The northern portion of the narrow coastal plain between the Western Ghats and the is known as the , the central portion is called and the southern portion is called. Some 40 km from the south end of the Javadu Hills starts the Kalvarayan Hill range. Phalghat near the south of Nilgiri Hills is the low mountain pass in the Western Ghats. On the western side, the rivers flow swiftly and make a number of waterfalls like the Jog Falls on the Sharavati River.

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Western Ghats Tourism

eastern and western ghats of india

The mountains reach elevations of 3,000 to 5,000 feet 900 to 1,500 metres in the north, rise less than 3,000 feet in the area south of Goa, and are higher again in the far south, reaching 8,652 feet 2,637 metres at mountain. But no big river originates from the Eastern Ghats. There is very little plant life except for grass and low, hardy shrubs. The Western Ghats block winds from reaching the Deccan Plateau. Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary 274 sq km ,Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary 987 sq km , Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary 90 sq km , Eravikulam Wildlife Sanctuary 97 sq km are well known for elephants.

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