Factors that affect human behavior include attitude, perception, genetics, culture, social norms and ethics of a society, religious inclination, coercion and influence by authority. Quite often, the decision making process is fairly specific to the decision being made. In decision making, cognitive biases influence people by causing them to over rely or lend more credence to expected observations and previous knowledge, while dismissing information or observations that are perceived as uncertain, without looking at the bigger picture. Without the appropriate knowledge, you could be choosing an unethical path. Usually, the answer is your business ethics. Conclusion According to the results of this study, many factors influence ethical behavior of occupational therapists. Businesses and their managers take ethics seriously.
Compare this to the Roman practice by which anyone could accuse a man of owing them money and the debtor could be killed. The factors that define ethical behaviors are diverse, but all factors unite when a person makes a final decision on how to act. Ethical Behavior, a Myth of the Past or a Necessity for Future Development With the ever increasing pressures of life, philosophers, psychologists and intellectuals are striving to answer the question, Are ethics basically becoming a myth of the past? On the other hand, occurrence of unethical behaviors in providing occupational therapy services , makes it more essential to identify the factors influencing ethical behavior in order to take appropriate actions. In practical life, Good people do not want to work for an unethical company. And they have to exercise reasonable care when doing their jobs.
They comfort and protect us in a way that no government, school, business or other earthly institution can Match. And this is relevant to analyzing and evaluating human behavior. It seems that Iranian occupational therapists have not done their duty properly. Hence only those firms, which strictly adhere to the ethical code, can retain its position unaffected in its line of business. Ethical behaviour is an important function in integrating business and society, by promoting the legitimacy of business operations, through critical reflection of employee behavior. And while none of these ideas are foolproof, in general, they cover the majority of signs or problems to. For people to interact safely with others and with the world, they must have the right attitudes and perceptions towards certain phenomena.
Are certain individuals and groups given special treatment without regard to objective criteria by which to judge fairness? It has been widely accepted that peer influence is a powerful factor in adolescent development. In the afterlife, many believe good deeds during natural life are rewarded and bad deeds can be punished. Ethical behavior is that which is accepted to be right or good opposed to bad or wrong in the context of the governing moral code. He has worked in the skilled trades and diversified into Human Services in 1998, working with the developmentally disabled. Lastly, the consumer analyzes the prevailing prices of commodities and takes the decision about the commodities he should consume. When people believe what they decide matters, they are more likely to make a decision.
It is a normative field because it prescribes what one should do or abstain from doing. If you are a jerk to your horse, he will either be afraid of you, or he will get angry depending on the horse. Social Factors Social factors included two subcategories: Support systems and attention to ethical values. If their peer is a positive person, then that particular child will also have a good ethical behaviour. I feel happy and full of satisfactions after the activities because I have the chance to be independent just like others peer leaders. It is all about doing the right thing, in the right way for the right reason.
The Person Ethical beliefs of people in organizational settings and the factors that influence those beliefs are family influences, religious values, personal standards, and personal needs. Ethical behaviour goes beyond the legal requirements placed on a business; it is also concerned with discretionary decision-making and conduct. But if a lowly releasing clerk in a licensing office knows that the big boss demands and receives a monthly under-the-table quota from all his inspectors in the field, then that lowly clerk will most likely feel that there is nothing wrong with demanding a little something for every license he releases. Whether personal, organizational, contextual or environmental, they all play a significant role in shaping the behaviors of people and thus act as tremendous forces for building the societies we live within. Code of Ethical Conduct, 2007 Background to Ethical Codes The code of ethical conduct of most organizations is applicable to all its employees, managers and directors.
For all practical purposes, making the individual the ultimate moral authority reduces ethical disagreements to something akin to disputes about taste, likes or dislikes. Good ethics means good business is the viewpoint of many businesses. In effect, the organization's goals can not be achieved properly. This might be unethical to you but considered an acceptable norm in their workplace. How about using work time to shop on the Internet? This study is part of the PhD thesis of the first author, which is in progress in Iran University of Medical Sciences. Sometimes, the society itself may turn against a company.
Psychology and Aging, 23 3 , 671-675. Participants included 12 5 male and 7 female occupational therapists, with a work experience of 5 to 25 years, working in governmental clinics, hospitals, special education schools, and private clinics. On the contrary, they're vital to the existence of the industry. Quantifying the availability heuristic with famous names. This paper is discussing about the factors that form an individual ethics.
Lastly, the Internet has a tremendous impact on a worker's ethical behavior. Ethical behavior is acting in ways that are consistent with how the business world views moral principles and values. Most companies establish policies and procedures to provide ethical guidelines to employees. Hence, most companies are very cautious in this respect. The goal of open communications must be pursued vigorously and relentlessly: The benefits, in individual morale and better decisions, are worth the effort.