At this point Athena comes and intervenes in the battle. In the end, this contrast between Hektor and Achilles shows the contrast between the values of the individual and the values of society. How do you account for his first two changes of mind, and why does he let Patroklos fight? He knows that glory and eternal fame can be his only through early death in war while long life can be secured only by giving up the ultimate glory a Greek seeks. Hektor runs from Achilles, but a sense of obligation, spurred by Athena, makes him turn. Agamemnon and Menelaus go to Troy in order to save Helen.
The code of hospitality operates as a linchpin that allows individuals such as Odysseus to undertake these kinds of journeys at all. If Achilles does not return to the battle, his anger would be nothing more than petulant selfishness. Even in war, Hektor demonstrates more human qualities than Achilles. Finally, the assuaging of Achilles' wrath leads to the reconciliation and reintegration of the warrior, first into his own community and second into the larger community of all humanity. Second, nobility: on the personal level, men had to treat each other properly; personal regard and honor from one's peers was essential to the proper functioning of society. They are one of the most hospitable cultures, alongside of the Greeks and Romans.
Then when his town was under attack he decided to help after it was too late. How would you characterize the worldview presented on the shield? Achilles, the estranged loner, lies outside the reader's comprehension. They function more as spiritual guides and supporters for their human subjects, sometimes assuming mortal disguises in order to do so. The Iliad depicts a violent and glorious war, and the gods act as frighteningly powerful, supernatural forces. Actually, the answer would be A Competition, B Hospitality, and E Warriors.
The first wave, his withdrawal from battle because of conflict with Agamemnon, ends when Achilles accepts Agamemnon's offer and reaches agreement concerning Briseis. To try to avoid strife was to avoid life. For webquest or practice, print a copy of this quiz at the About this quiz: All the questions on this quiz are based on information that can be found on the. Not surprisingly, the Odyssey doles out harsh punishments to those who do not respect this sacred social code. First, arete: the pursuit of excellence. Hector's positive qualities include: love for his wife and son, courage, calm acceptance of his death, etc. The circle next to the answer will turn yellow.
Like Meursault, Achilles is an estranged person, and his acceptance of the inevitability of death is his ultimate assertion of a common bond with all humanity. Questions on this quiz are based on information from. By showing the grief of Hector's parents, Homer gives the reader a vision of war's terrible effects. Perhaps those values inhere that most crafty warrior, Odysseus, who has a more perfect blending of individual skill and human emotion. Athena then tricks Hector by disguising herself as his friend Deiphobus and she gets Achilles a spear. His name stands for hostage and he very well could have been one being that small wars often occurred between neighboring towns. The Odyssey, in contrast, chronicles a long journey, and the gods frequently act to guide and advise the wandering hero.
How does the value system of the Iliad parallel or differ from that of Christianity, or another belief system with which you are familiar? The central theme, however, focuses on Achilles and his rage. The weapons they have at this point is a spear Achilles and a sword Hector. Just as Achilles is confronted in the Iliad with the problem of balancing his honor with his pride, Odysseus repeatedly faces situations in which self-restraint and humility must check bravado and glory-seeking. Achilles embodies the individual, alienated from his society, operating within the framework of his own code of pride and honor. How is hospitality established as a key value in the epic? A good life could be achieved by reconciling the factors that produced strife. In the Iliad, we may say that Hektor would make a better neighbor but Achilles a better soldier. Hector bravely accepts fate, even though he realizes that Troy will be defeated.
He hesitates; he gives ground; he is wounded; in the moment of crisis, he runs. The war camp represents the essence of war: violence, anger, revenge. Achilles, in many ways, lacks ordinary human feelings. His return, and knowing that he will die in the war, makes him not only a hero but also a hero touched with tragedy. He tends to represent passion and emotion.
And as to the warriors, they were obviously common due to inner wars and defending their land. However, he takes courage from seeing 'his brother. At the same time, he has revealed another change of mind: although he initially refused to fight until the Trojans set fire to the Achaian ships, now he says he won't fight until they set fire to the ships of the Myrmidons. Hektor, the societal hero, makes decisions based on reason, and, in fact, his reason and sense of duty can overcome the emotions of fear and panic. Achilles defeats Hektor, but Hektor is more understandable, and, in most cases, more admirable. In terms of motive, Hektor is once again more understandable. Nestor 5 Hera sends Athena to intervene in the conflict.
By the end of the Trojan War, both Hektor and Achilles are dead. Interestingly, the first great hero of Western Literature is also the first modern hero of Western Literature. His parents, the goddess Thetis and the mortal Peleus, invite all the gods to their wedding except Eris strife. He fears ignominious death from the River God but not death. He may want to remain in the city with Andromache and Astyanax, but he knows his obligation is on the battlefield.