Alternative Title: Irish Home Rule Home Rule, in British and Irish history, movement to secure internal for within the. The two Home rule leagues worked in co-operation with each other and tried to vigorously plead the grant of Home Rule to India. They thought that this would weaken the cause both organizationally and emotionally. As per an informal understanding between the leaders, the Indian Home Rule league had to work in Maharashtra and Central Provinces, while Home Rule League had to work in all of India except Maharashtra and Central Provinces. Few of the most prominent changes that were visible at the early stage of the introduction of the home rule movement were the unification of the two of the prevailing political parties, and they were the All India Muslim League and of course the emerging dominant party Indian National congress.
But, the death of G. The rise in stature of who was of Irish origin and a firm supporter of , the return of Tilak from exile and the growing calls for solving the split in congress began to stir the political scene in India. The repression only served to harden the attitude of the agitators and strengthen their resolve to resist the Government. Many Indians participated in the petition that was being signed to propose this movement in front of the legislative body sitting at Britain. Why the Agitation Faded Out by 1919: i There was a lack of effective organisation. On 20 August 1917 Montague the secretary of state for India made the historic declaration regarding the ultimate goal of the British rule in India. Protest meetings were held all over the country to protest against the repression by the Government.
Andhra Pradesh State Committee Appointed for the Compilation of a History of the Freedom Struggle in Andhra Pradesh. The Movement was left without a leader when Tilak had to go to Britain in connection with a case while Besant was undecided of her response to the reforms and thus was unable to give a positive lead. But soon he realized that the government was not willing to grant self-government. The arrest of Annie Besant and the increase in popularity of movement led to a statement released by the British government stating that there is an increase need of realization of the needs of the India and its self-governing ideas and it was a progressive step towards its responsibilities. During this time various meetings were held in , , , , , and. The objectives of the League were to secure self-government for India and promote national education and also social and political reforms. At the 1915 Congress session, Tilak and Besant saw some success when it was decided to readmit the Extremists to the Congress.
Unification of extremists and moderates 3. With Besant unable to give a positive lead and Tilak away in England, the movement was left leaderless. The meaning of war for a common man was increased dacoity on his pocket by the government so; the common man was ready to join any movement or protest against the Government. Since there was no response from the Congress she finally went and started of her own. Factors leading to the Movement some of the factors were as follows: i A section of nationalists felt that popular pressure was required to attain concessions from the Government. A case was instituted against Tilak which was rescinded by the High Court. Subramaniya Aiyar renounced his knighthood while Tilak advocated a programme of passive resistance.
However, when Annie Besant was taken as a prisoner and was put behind the bars then the movement did not stop or lose its influence it rather rose to another level which made the people of India even more motivated with the rage of providing India with the self-governing system. The arrest marked the downfall of the British Empire and gathered nationwide protest. Tilak was barred from entering the Punjab and Delhi. She clearly gave a signal of fighting for a change. The philosophy of the league was a combination of theosophy, social reform, ancient Hindu wisdom and the claims of achievement of the West which had already been anticipated by Hindu Rishis many years before they happened. It adopted a less violent path unlike the revolutionaries in Punjab and Bengal who practised militant nationalism. Having failed at the 1914 session of the Congress to reach a Moderate-Extremist rapprochement, Tilak and Besant decided to revive political activity on their own.
In a year, the body would merge into the Indian National Congress to form a united Indian political front. Tilak was in sympathy with this idea. While in India, a dispute between the American section of the society led to them setting up an independent organization. By early 1915, Annie Besant had launched a campaign to demand self-government for India after the war on the lines of white colonies. The Home Rule League had 2600 members in Mumbai and held meetings attended by 10,000 to 12,000 people at the Shantaram Chawl area, comprising of government employees and industrial workers. The league believed that the British government will gradually reform the administration and local representative system by ushering participation of local Indians.
He was asked to deposit securities of Rs. First Published: October 22, 2011 Last Updated:November 22, 2013 After returning from Mandalay, Tilak proposed that the congress should small and cohesive working committee to carry out its daily functions, so that the Congress is transformed to a real political party. At the annual session of the Congress in 1915 the efforts of Tilak and Besant met with some success. By then, however, the influence of the Home Rule organizations had diminished. The demand was self-government within the British Empire for all of India. This movement was different and more effective from the method adopted by the revolutionaries of that time. The Home Rule League movement was initiated under the leadership of and Annie Besant.
Important to note that the preceding years witnessed a low political ebb and there was a need to revive political activities. The first important work was written by Gandhi entitle Hind Swaraj or Indian home rule, composed in 1909. Home Rule League Movement Introduction: The Surat Congress led to the split of the Indian National Congress. On the other hand, Annie Besant who was also an active participant of the Home Rule Movement introduced the idea in the other regions of India. But this proposal did not find approval of the Governor. As per a common informal understanding between the two leaders, the Indian Home Rule league had to work in Maharastra and Central Provinces, while Home Rule League had to work in all India except Maharastra and Central Provinces. The Home Rule League movement The Home Rule League movement is an important event in Modern Indian History, and has been an area which has frequently featured in the Civil Services Mains and Civil Services Prelims Examination over many years now.
Background For India to get independence it had to go through many reforms, changes, revolutions. The Leagues: Both Tilak and Besant realised that the sanction of a Moderate-dominated Congress as well as full cooperation of the Extremists was essential for the movement to succeed. However, the and the absence of leaders like Tilak, who was imprisoned in meant that nationalistic response was tepid. The arrest created a nation-wide protest. In 1915 Congress proposed that Home Rule League should be started.