He is sworn in as president and head of state in June 2001. Khairpur Sindh , Turbat and Punjgur Balochistan and D. The prominent fruit crops are Mangoes, Citrus Kino, Oranges, etc , Dates, Banana and Apples having significant local consumption as well as exports. The number of leaves, number of flushes and flush length were slightly affected by the application of zinc sulfate. Adult flies emerge in 8-10 days from the pupae and infest again the fruit.
Additionally, grafting can improve the yield; prolong harvesting period and postharvest life of vegetables, provided appropriate rootstocks are utilized. Production can be increased either by bringing more area under crops or by increasing productivity per hectare. These diverse areas of work require that the landscape horticulture possess skills in design, human behavior, environmental sciences, and the use of plant and construction materials. The landscape horticulture is qualified to undertake projects as large as resource planning efforts for an entire region or as small as designing the site for a single residence. The strategic location of the country and potential of horticulture sector creates a good export avenue for horticulture and horticulture products. These crops provide supplementary and protective food. The requirement of documentation arises due to the fact that the horticulture that are exported are to be sold to someone who is thousands of miles away, speaking a different language, having different customs, preferences, currency and import regulations.
But these days it is more focusing on quality enhancement and improving nutrition. Since 1960, to enhance the agricultural production, countermeasures are available for promotion of. In addition to this, the standardization of pre and post harvest management technologies aimed at minimizing post harvest losses and standardizing market practices are inevitable to promote horticulture as an industry in Pakistan. Improper handling of the produce results in a reduction of the market value, keeping quality and food value. Although Pakistan produces large quantities of fruits and vegetables, however its exports are negligible, with large price gap compared to international average prices.
Project aims to explore potential for production of export quality cut flowers and their allied products such as essential oils etc. In such a chaos there is still a huge quantum of hope along side, there is anticipation and prospects en route for accomplishment and triumph. Mango orchards are mostly found in Sindh and Punjab provinces that make Pakistan the world's 4th largest producer of mangoes. This is the second highest peak in the world. Pakistan is blessed with vast agro-environment to produce a variety of temperate, sub-tropical and Mediterranean fruits and vegetables at suitable locations according to the specific climatic requirements of the different fruits and vegetable crops. The consumption of horticulture in the world is on the continuous rise for past two decades, the two most important factors for this increase in consumption are the growth in population, urbanization and increasing income of people.
The process is also endorsed by the American Medical Association, Scientific Committee of the European Union and the American Spice Trade Association. Pakistan exported 117,000 tonnes of potatoes to Russia in 2010-11. Vegetable plants store reserve food in roots, stems, leaves and fruits, which are eaten fresh and or cooked, picked and used along with the staple food like wheat and rice. Another potentially important aspect is the production of melatonin-rich food crops cereals, fruits, and vegetables through combination of conventional and modern breeding approaches, to increase plant resistance against biotic and abiotic stress, leading to improved crop yields, and the nutraceutical value of produce to solve food security issues. Quality-conscious foreign buyers want every exporting country to weave the international standards-systems into its supply chain if it wants to maintain and expand its share in the international market.
The important fruit crops of the country are: i Citrus — Kinno, Mandarin, Red Blood, Musambi; ii Mango — Langra, Sindhri, Dusehri, Chaunsa, Anwar, Ratol, Begun Pali; iii Grapefruit — Marsh seedless Shambler; iv Lemon — Kagzi lemon; v Date palm — Asil, Begum Jungi, Dhaki, Halini Fasli; vi Apples — Golden delicious, Red delicious, Mashdi, Amri; vii Pomegranate — Behi-dana; viii Guava — sufaida; ix Apricots — Char Maghzi; ix Peaches — Florida King, Early grand; x Plums — Santa Rosa, Stanley; xi Almond — Kaghzi, Besta; xii Banana; xiii Papaya; ixv Ber; xv Custard Apple; xvi Coconut; xvii Jamun; xviii Sweet Orange; ixx Pear; xx Custard apple; xxi Phalsa; xxii Tamarind; xxiii Groundnut; ixxv Walnut. Some of these are listed below: It is difficult for a farmer to obtain the plants of the desired variety and of sound health when he plans to put up an orchard. Ahsen Rizvi Ahsen Rizvi ahsen65 yahoo. All the pages should be numbered consecutively. Furthermore, the degree of coloring shall be such that, following normal development, the fruit reaches its normal varietals color at the destination point, account being taken of the time of picking, the growing area and duration of transport. However, plates or photographs, dendrograms, phylogenetic trees, line drawings can also be given as figures.
Additional Keywords: Four to seven the most relevant key words should be given, not appearing in the title of the manuscript. Vegetables provide proteins, minerals and vitamins required for human nutrition. Total land areas Mha Total cropped areas Mha Punjab 20. Industrialized countries also use medicinal plants, as many pharmaceuticals are based on or derived from plant compounds. Pakistan is the fifth largest producer of dates. This result is recognizing as effective basal application, which is ideal fertilization, and causing decrease time of additional fertilizer application.
It is expected that Pakistan will pick up pace in her economic growth after 2010 to beyond 7%. Next to potatoes are onions with total production of 1817. The mountain valleys of North Western Frontier and Balochistan provinces offer potential to produce off season and temperate region flowers, Bulbs, Corms and Ornamental plants. Kharif crops: Rice, cotton, maize, sugarcane. Pakistan exports rice, cotton, fish, fruits especially Oranges and Mangoes , and vegetables and imports vegetable oil, wheat, pulses and consumer foods.
The fruit industry in Pakistan has made remarkable progress during the last four decades. Another reason is the air inside green houses and plastic films tends to be high in temperature and dry. Likewise, Floriculture holds great export potential in this country of diverse topography and climate. The domestic price analysis shows large fluctuation in prices of most of the commodities; with minimum at peak supply periods and maximum at short supply time. They can be watered in a sink for about 30 seconds and drained before putting them back into the pots. By Khalid Mahmood Khokhar Vegetables constitute an integral component of the cropping pattern but the increasing pressure on food and cash crops has limited the area under vegetables to about 0.