An individual that is heterozygous for a specific trait is carrying unlike genes for that trait, no matter what is expressed in the phenotype. They desired to be able to predict with reasonable accuracy the outcome of any particular mating. In this particular system of 'seed stock' line breeding you choose the three to five best hens and begin the clan mating system. Linebreeding, is often defined as a breeding method usually directed toward keeping the offspring closely related to some highly admired ancestor, such as sire to daughter, son to mother, brother to sister, half-brother to half-sister, grandfather to granddaughter, grandson to grandmother, unlce to neice, nephew to aunt, cousin to cousin and so on. For example if you have a male with a weak head, then the corresponding females should have an excellent head. And for all of you cockers who have been doing this for a long time, and are successful at it, I think you're extremely gifted.
So plan the number of matings carefully based on all the resource you have and the goals you hope to achieve. Histories of Game Strains, Grit and Steel, no date given, p. Each individual variety of domesticated plant or animal does not, however, have great genetic diversity. It is in your best interest to cull birds that are in bad health and are below your quality line. Work base on the results you achieve. In fact, the best breeders in the world have been breeding and maintaining the same family of birds for thirty to fifty years, never adding out-side blood of any kind. A proven sire is always popular in any sphere of bird or animal life, but such a view is only one side of the coin.
Example - When a blue-legged bird is carrying genes for only blue legs. Out of 4 blacks, there 3 are stags and only 1 pullet. Each specie contains a certain of chromosomes, of which contains a chain of paired alleles, all of which have a chance in determining the genetic outcome of offspring. By breeding within its own bloodline and concentrating the genes, the offspring will eventually become predictable. OvEr mainy years and selective breeding i think you can even narrow a family down where the possible outcomes of offsping are minimize. Mike, this is something to ponder on.
You will learn by feeling and watching exactly what the original mating has produced, and you should keep a diary as you go along to record your thoughts and observations as you will be surprised what you can forget in a 12 month period and you will find yourself referring back to your notes time and time again. To meet your goals, you may have to cull so much that you'd be better off to scrap the entire flock and start over again. Original breeding material should be keep for the future breeding. This confirms becoming a respected breeder is a slow and painful process. Here are the hens I think are American Greys Here are the hens I think are Black Breasted Reds This rooster was sold to me as an American Grey Stag I bought this rooster from the same person I bought the Grey Stag from and they said it was a Gamefowl rooster, but I do not remember what type they said it was I was really only interested in the Grey Stag, but this one was too pretty to pass up. From now on, your year will be devoted to hatching and rearing in as larger quantity as possible to enable you to have the widest selection to choose from for the following autumn when you set up your next breeding pens. A little note about Game fowl history: all game fowl breeds are of man made designs that first stem from the Wild Red Jungle Fowl of Southeast Asia.
Avoid at all costs an arrogant or forceful approach, after all you are asking the breeder to let you have part of a line which will have taken many years and in some cases generations to make and they are under absolutely no obligation to assist you; some breeders in fact never let their birds go to anyone other than trusted friends and successful exhibitors of other breeds who have demonstrated that skill and dedication to warrant their trust. We hope you are not too disappointed in finding out that we had no charts or graphs in this article showing you how the matings are to be carried out to produce super gamefowl for a lifetime. Do you get these without inbreeding? When they get highly inbred they work great for making crosses. All six chicks are healthy and vigorous at two months old. Breed toward the same style, you are in essense preserving the qualities and not percentages of blood.
I inbreed, I just don't see the gain in over-inbreeding, if they ain't passing it on in a couple of generations they ain't likely going to and is there really any proof that intense inbreeding gets you anything in the long run? Judicious linebreedings have long yielded, in many breeds of domestic animals, important and real improvements. A cock has thirty-nine pairs of chromosomes. Have to keep good records but when you get both a hen and a rooster that throw consistant fowl it makes it easier to maintain the family. You must avoid the practice of inbreeding because it brings out many of the weaknesses that they may carry from past generations. How did I learn this? When you bring in new blood, you may not see the changes your looking for until the second or third generation. Be prepared to wait for your trio as often the breeder will have a long list of people waiting for their birds, and they will also need to assess their own stock before parting with any. I think no, everyone wants the best.
I know a few people that breed like this and only breed battle fowl and every couple years they have to come buy a inbreed rooster or hen to breed to and they can never figure out why there fowl keep falling apart. One is selection within a family and the other is linebreeding or bro-sis matings. Inbreeding, requires skill in making planned matings and rigid selection, thus being most successful when applied by 'master breeders. I like line breeding to a hen that throws sons like i want them. So don't blame the cock if you hatch out all pullets. When you inbreed fowls, there will eventually be recessive gene-dominant by-products and these must be ruthlessly culled. But, if the alleles are homozygous in the right pair selected, the gene will be identical from the first pair up to the 6th, will it not? Maybe it can even be acquired over time.
You want to be the quality breeder. I bred what I believe could win. If I am satisfied with the style, it is time to lock by line breeding. What intense inbreeding does though is limit the numher of possibilities that come out of one particular family. Pure game fowl bloodline need to be maintain or preserve. When a hen with a certain sex-linked trait is bred to a cock without it, the stags rather than the pullets receive it. This manner of breeding is made to combine the good qualities of 2 different broodfowl bloodlines.
A recessive trait will show up in the offspring when both the cock and the hen carry the same recessive traits. Have to keep good records but when you get both a hen and a rooster that throw consistant fowl it makes it easier to maintain the family. Those, who breed for quantity and those who breed for quality. If you know anything about genetics line breeding helps you consentrait a gene pool. Here comes the tricky part finding someone you can trust to breed them your way.
Sure you will probably lose some, but you will lose them quicker if you keep them penned up all their lives. A fault which is not apparent in the ancestors in the pedigree can come out in a first or second generation so can deisrable traits that are not apparent , because of the enhanced probability of the occurrence of two recessive genes for the same trait. Crushed oyster shells are a good source of calcium. Third, in any form of line breeding the youthfulness of the stock used cannot be overstated. The more you inbreed; the more like genes are fixed. Finsterbusch recommends the same breeding strategy in his famous book Cockfighting All Over the Word page 152—153. We will see what time and breeding revels.