The recruits are university graduates or above selected through a rigorous system of examinations: , , Combined Geo-Scientist and Geologist Examination, I. The current system is a by-product of periodic warfare beginning in the early-17th century and lasting through most of the 19th century. The chief features of the steel-frame of administration was to carry out the order of British Raj in all probable ways and to exploit the masses. Most of the western countries appoint bureaucrats on contractual period of 3-5 years which had to be renewed for their continuance of service. The British rulers knew it very well that only through an able and efficient administrative body Britain would be-able to achieve its goal.
In the words of Dr. There are several reasons why Indian bureaucrats are more powerful than the West. But what we know is that this report is placed before a panel headed by the Cabinet secretary in case of secretary-level appointments, and the establishment officer, who heads the panel for joint secretaries. In an ideal situation, the minister contributes policy while the civil service applies the policies in concrete situations. Now for the first time, he has launched an electronic attendance system to track whether more than 100,000 government officials are showing up on time for work. Since plundering of resources was the leitmotif it built up a strong and able administrative body.
In government, bureaucrats implement policies, write rules and regulations and administer them on people, among others. The officers are recruited by different States through the respective State Public Service Commissions, and appointed by the Governor of that state. Particularly the states which were under British rule adopted the British system of civil service. There was a controversy between Patel and Nehru. Ruthless administration was imposed by the rulers and the unread masses of men were exploited in all possible ways.
As India has accepted the principle of welfare state, the economic and social functions of the State are steadily increasing. At present bureaucrats are known in different names like permanent executive, non- political executive, civil servants, public servants, officialdom, departmental government etc. Before the British Raj, in ancient and medieval India, there was monarchical form of government and the general administration was run by people having near or distant relationship with the King. The authority granted to the politicians makes patronage, not performance, their fastest path to advancement. Such an integrated Civil Service is a unique feature of the Indian political system. The British Raj had no concern for welfare functions.
It takes place within the framework of the constitution and follows federal system of political operations which has been borrowed from Canada, Australia and United States. The new role of Indian bureaucracy may still be viewed from another angle. Since nothing concerning the office is private, every transaction, decision, and order is recorded which help in efficient decision making in future. Frankly speaking, the responsibility of the developmental work falls upon the bureaucracy. Owned by the Mohegan tribe, this high-end getaway destination features 300,000 square feet of gaming space within three casinos.
The Bureau of Indian Affairs actually goes back nearly two centuries. Almost always they have no experience or skill in the area of their ministry. The steel-frame of bureaucracy did not find any reason to see that peoples welfare should be given priority. Given the seemingly limitless capacity of Americans to place wagers, this has meant big bucks. Again, the Directive Principles of the State Policy have imposed certain responsibilities upon the authority of the Indian state. This appears to be total nonsense.
India fared worse than Vietnam, Indonesia, the Philippines and China. Naturally the party system changes. Manufacturers in the western region will be greatly benefited as they can test their products close to their manufacturing units. The civil service system in India is rank-based and does not follow the tenets of the position-based civil services. From the past records we come to know that the British government formed a commission to find out the ways of how to increase the number of Indians in the participation of a public administration and for that purpose a commission was set up in 1886 one year after the formation of Indian National Congress.
The constitution provides that without depriving the states of their right to form their own civil services, there shall be an All India Service, recruited on an All India basis with common qualifications, uniform scale of pay etc. In bureaucracy, there is less competition since hiring and promotion is based on merits and qualifications. Since the Second World War was continuing the Secretary of State was also eager to give larger scope to Indians in the field of administration. This is also the reason why GoI could carry out more senior bureaucratic reshuffles than usual in the past three years. But it should not be forgotten that the British administrative system was not an evil from top to bottom.