Members of these Committees are free to discuss any matter which can appropriately be discussed in Parliament. At the end, the Constitution is a trade off. Indira Gandhi then took over in 1966. Money bills can originate only in the Lok Sabha. The President of India can not dissolve it. Please note that due to the frequent reorganization of states, the seats allocated to the states keep on changing.
The chairman is entitled to a casting vote in case of a tie. In non-money matters both the Houses have co-equal powers. The Speaker can disqualify a member on the charge of political defection. Sangma So far no Speaker in India has been removed from office by an adverse resolution of the House. For how many years are the members of the Rajya Sabha elected? Who can issue an ordinance in India? The President decided to let Charan Singh and his government continue as care-taker government, till the time new government was installed. .
The Speaker admits all resolutions for discussion and decides when a discussion on a bill under consideration of the House should be discontinued. Patel became the Speaker of the House he said that from this moment he ceased to be a party man and that he belonged to no party and to all parties. The Lok Sabha is the epicentre of Parliament, and its public presence has grown enormously over the years. In case there is no quorum at any stage, the presiding officer of the House may suspend the meeting till such time that there is a quorum. Procedure for a Money Bill 6.
Under the Constitution not more than 525 members are to be chosen by direct election from territorial constituencies in the States and not more than 20 members to represent the Union Territories. The Lok Sabha exercises this control in several ways. Lok Sabha The Lok Sabha is also known as the House of the people. Major portions of the constitution can be amended by the parliament alone by a simple or two thirds majority. He is to see that all political parties get sufficient time to vindicate their view point, so that there is no dissatisfaction among the members.
During the period when the motion of no-confidence is under discussion, the opposition launches frontal attack on the government on ground of failure of policies. Members of a Select Committee are appointed or elected by the House itself or nominated by the Speaker. This is done so that the Parliament of India can take a well-informed decision. The framers of the constitution wanted that both the Houses should have co-equal powers, except in financial matters and as already said the Rajya Sabha has justified its existence fully well. The Rajya Sabha resented this and demanded that a Bill of this nature should be referred to Joint Select Committee of both the Houses. It is constituted in pursuance of a motion moved in and adopted by both the Houses. The Lok Sabha has exclusive control over the finances of the country.
In this regard, the Lok Sabha is more powerful than the Rajya Sabha. But constitution makers did not wish that this House should be as weak as the House of Lords in England or as powerful as the Senate in the U. The Union Council of Ministers remains in Office so long as it enjoys majority support in the Lok Sabha. Let Us sum Up 7. In that country Senators having more glamour and longer tenure, usually carry the day. All adults of age 18 or above have the right to vote and are enlisted in the voters list for each constituency.
The rules and regulations thus made have the force of law and they cannot be challenged in courts unless they are ultra virus of the parent Acts. Which chamber or house of the Indian Parliament is known as the House of the People? This Article provides that the question shall be referred for the decision of the President and his decisions shall be final. The information provided in the Houses is authoritative and Ministers are bound to provide information on matters of government when so desired by the members. No arrest or any other type of warrant can be issued by any executive authority on any member of Parliament within the four-walls of the House without his prior permission. Party position in the Rajya Sabha as on 1.
If he still persists he can even be asked to leave the House. Parliament may for the purpose of the timely completion of financial business, regulate by law the procedure and conduct of business, in each Houses of Parliament in relation to any financial matter or to any Money Bill Article 119. But so far the position is that the size of the Lok Sabha has not been increased beyond 545. Seven members of Rajya Sabha elected by the House in like manner are associated with the Committee. According to him without this House it would have been easy for the Lok Sabha to implement its progressive programmes; like bank nationalisation and abolition of privy purses or to introduce far-reaching land reform measures. But the Opposition parties and groups did not take kindly to the Consultative Committees. Currently the house has 545 seats which is made up by election of up to 543 elected members and at a maximum, 2 nominated members of the Anglo-Indian Community by the President of India.
His rival in the Janata Dal, Chandra Shekhar broke away in 1990 and formed the Samajwadi Janata Party. The Council of Ministers is responsible or answerable to the Lok Sabha for its activities. In the absence of the required quorum, the Chairman either suspends the sitting until there is quorum or adjourns the sitting to some future day. Speaker in India has thus many functioning to perform. The Indian Parliament is less powerful than the British Parliament. The position is also not like the one prevailing m England where the House of Lords has the power to delay the matters Nit is ultimately forced to agree to what has been proposed by the Commons. Sometimes, the Parliament may appoint a committee for a specific purpose or to study a particular question like the Committee for the Welfare of Scheduled Castes and Tribes.
Constitutional Functions: The power to amend the Constitution vests with the Parliament. Collective Privileges : Previleges are certain rights belonging to each House of Parliament. The amendment covered subordinate courts as well. Article 84 : Qualification for membership of Parliament A person shall not be qualified to be chosen to fill a seat in Parliament unless he — a is a citizen of India, and makes and subscribes before some person authorised in that behalf by the Election Commission an oath or affirmation according to the form set out for the purpose in the Third Schedule; b is, in the case of a seat in the Council of States, not less than thirty years of age and, in the case of a seat in the House of the People, not less than twenty-five years of age; and c possesses such other qualifications as may be prescribed in that behalf by or under any law made by Parliament. He has, however, been empowered not to accept a resignation, which he feels has been signed by a member under duress. Without the quorum of the House, no meetings can take place in the House. In 1989, the Rajya Sabha forcefully raised its concern over Bofor Gun deal issue and made the working of the House difficult.