They didn't make, produce or protect anything. In Japan, it was the moral duty of the daimyo and samurai to protect the peasants and villagers in their region. The feudal system consisted of vassals, someone who serves, arranged in a pyramid. It was mainly characterized by a system of land ownership. Due to these differences, the feudal systems in Europe and developed at different times. The size of the land and the number of samurai he commanded was correspondent to the daimyo's power. It is clear that vassals, though required to be loyal to their lords, were basically in the same social class and not to be treated as social inferiors.
To fear God and maintain His Church To serve the liege lord in velour and faith To protect the weak and defenseless To give succor to widows and orphans To refrain from the wanton giving of offence To live by honor and for glory To despise pecuniary reward To fight for the welfare of all To obey those placed in authority To guard the honor of fellow knights To eschew unfairness, meanness and deceit To keep faith At all times to speak the truth To persevere to the end in any enterprise begun To respect the honor of women Never to refuse a challenge from an equal Never to turn the back upon a foe Evidence. The Japanese were isolated from the outside world since the Tokugawa shoguns restricted. Confucius stressed morality and filial piety, or respect for elders and other superiors. There were several factors that helped these leaders rise. First, the authority in Japan was much less centralized than it was in the nation-states of Europe. It blended with the native Japanese religion Shinto to for Zen Buddhism Japanese variation of Buddhism Reinforced Bushier values of mental and self-discipline Buddhist monasteries became very wealthy Conversion was never forced. In Europe, the peasants gave a portion of their crops to the upper classes in exchange for protection.
Like in Europe the kings gave land fiefs to vassals, Shoguns distributed land to his followers. There are actually two main reasons for this. They both had people that were above, like the king or and emperor. Feudal Japanese and European societies were built on a system of. Because of this form of government, the European lifestyle changed dramatically as the Japanese culture began to form.
The books were bound with plain wooden boards, or with simple tooled leather for the more expensive volumes. The citizens too lived under a system of vassalage with a manorial economy. They were well-respected and considered nobles in Japan and Europe. Obviously, the Japanese and European feudalistic systems were based on radically different legal and cultural structures. While the basis for feudalism was Roman and Germanic law and the Catholic Church in Europe, Chinese Confucian law and Buddhism were the basis of feudalism in Japan.
Knights The knights gave the lords homage and military service while they gave peasants food, shelter, and protection. While the European nobility received land in exchange for their military service, the samurai did not join a landowning hierarchy. Exposed spaces inside the outer walls and moat, were intended to once again challenge the enemies to go further and risk their lives. Peasants The peasants farmed the land and also payed rent to the knights. However, both Japan and Western Europe formed feudalistic societies to provide protection and stability for everyone. Farmers would give extra food for goods from the artisans and craftsmen. Although most were midwives and worked in fields.
Most castles had two gates placed at a 90 degree angle to each other, producing a small inner yard, highly defended from all sides. Both were rapidly developed in the middle of the 14th century, the early Muromachi period. Both feudal systems were developed as a response to the need of security and stability. The deep ditch bordering the castle walls, was filled with water and had a bridge built across it. When Charlemagne died there was no strong ruler to take his place. In contrast, European knights believed their lives belonged to God and did not have the option of suicide; they had to surrender or die in battle. Finding someone who would loan you a book was a true friend.
Since the ownership of land is what defines feudalism, both Japan and Europe had landowning and non-landowing castes during the Middle Ages. During japan's feudal period, the shogun held the most power while the emperor was more of a puppet figure with little actual power. The first elements of European feudalism appeared in France and Germany in the 9th and 10th century. The landowners performed the duties of the king, which included paying warriors to defend the land, collecting taxes, building infrastructure and settling disputes between people. Shogun The shogun was the powerful military leader, he controlled economic and military matters. The Muromachi period 1336 to 1573.
Merchants were also seen as having no value. These estates known as the fief included houses, barns, tools, animals, and serfs or peasants. This system is known as feudalism. By contrast, the knights and peasants of Europe viewed feudalism as a reciprocal benefit, but were more flexible on the moral aspect. The main goal of the leaders of these countries was to dominate the land. It had no government except for a Rome too weak to hold up its own walls. Both societies had similar types of weaponry European armor was considerably tougher and skilled swordsmen were much to be feared and respected.
The feudal system in Europe had little scope for social advancement. Structured Life in Japan Although separated by thousands of miles, Japan's tiered social structure was similar to the feudal system in Europe. Although feudalism was largely established throughout Europe by the 9th century, it was not until the 12th century that feudalism began to appear in Japan. Feudalism in Japan adhered to a strict hierarchy. Samurais committed suicide rather than facing defeat or capture.
The legal structures in the European and Japanese feudalistic governments were obviously radically different. Owning private land made noble families even stronger. The king may ask for men to fight a war, money, or advice. In contrast, Japanese samurai did not own any land. Work from this period is notable for its insights into life and death, simple lifestyles, and redemption through killing.