Conclusions Partner arrests for domestic common assault apparently increased premature death for their victims, especially African-Americans. While relatively old, this invaluable classic resource is widely cited in experimental criminology and provides a tool kit for anyone interested or engaged in fieldwork. Narrative review and descriptive statistics are used to examine the growth of policing experiments over time. Results The narrative results overall suggest that displacement is not a common occurrence in interventions implemented at larger units of geography and a diffusion of crime control benefits is somewhat more likely to occur. With regard to actual suspect identifications, simultaneous lineups are diagnostically superior to sequential lineups. Percentage of recidivists, number of re-arrests, and violent recidivism were outcome variables.
Abstract Objectives Many studies utilize time series methods to identify causal effects without accounting for an underlying time trend. Shelters may warrant greater security to control property crime, but the data suggest that any increase in security need not extend beyond 400 m, about two to three blocks, from the shelters. We identify significant increases in monthly counts of overall crimes reported to law enforcement, as well as in counts for specific crimes of violence, including assaults and robberies with a firearm; property offenses, such as burglary; and in minor and misdemeanor offenses. As a result, we argue that it is important to balance the need to maintain awareness and caution regarding potential risks in the design or approach that may confound interpretation of findings, in the manner raised by the Commentator, with the need for extended analyses of the available data so we can better understand over time how antisocial behavior and violence can be effectively reduced. Results All eligible comparisons evaluated psychosocial treatment mainly cognitive behavioral programs. Participants answered the State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory, the Paranoia Scale, and the Other as Shamer scale. The city opened 19 shelters, but only five to nine of them were open in any one winter.
Objectives To conduct a systematic review examining the extent to which there is crime displacement or a diffusion of crime control benefits in social control interventions implemented in medium sized or large geographic areas. Exponential growth in the field of experimental criminology began in the 1990s, leading to the establishment of a number of key entities such as the , the , the , and the within the that have significantly advanced the field of experimental criminology into the 21st century. Conclusions The various desirable effects of a relatively short and inexpensive universal program are in accordance with a public health approach in developmental crime prevention. Objectives This study provides a Finnish replication of a recent Swiss experiment Walser and Killias: J Exp Criminol 8:17—28, 2012 on the supervision mode effects in computerized delinquency surveys in schools. Participants were recruited from four different Maryland prisons and randomly assigned to experimental groups. Outcomes were based on self-report interviews conducted 1-year post-randomization and arrest records reflecting a 2-year follow-up period. Methods A number of search strategies were used to identify and code eligible experimental or quasi-experimental studies that measured displacement in areas larger than crime hot spots.
These measures were not statistically significant, however. Moderator tests were conducted for ethnicity, age and gender. For 15 successive 2-week periods, a four-officer squad conducted short daily operations to detect stolen and other vehicles of interest at randomly selected hot spot road segments at varying times of day. Established in 1895 as the first U. Founded in 1994 as Forensic Linguistics, the journal changed to its present title in 2003 to reflect a broadening of academic coverage and readership.
Conclusions The study finds support for the Weisburd paradox, as the ability to manipulate statistical power by increasing sample size is not as strong as statistical theory would suggest, and experiments with larger sample sizes generally produce smaller effects. In 6-month as-treated analyses, a medium to high intervention dose was associated with improvement on two measures of child social-emotional competence: cooperation and assertion. Conclusions Although our findings are promising, the evidence basis for sex offender treatment is not yet satisfactory. Future research is needed in this field. Objectives We examine whether anticipated guilt for substance use is a gendered mechanism underlying the noted enhancement effect of gang membership on illegal drug use. However, we respectfully disagree with some of their discussion and conclusions, and felt obliged to offer a counter argument.
Objectives Most research has suggested that correctional boot camps are not very successful in reducing reoffending, but recent evidence has been more encouraging for programs that include significant rehabilitative components. The sample was comprised of 906 participants, with an average age of 34. Results The results demonstrate more clearly our point that the 52 cases used in the Amendola and Wixted analysis were distributed in a manner that was not representative of the larger sample. The studies included in our meta-analyses also had to include at least one direct outcome that measured legitimacy or procedural justice, or one outcome that is common in the legitimacy extant literature: citizen compliance, cooperation, confidence or satisfaction with police. Objective To test for any long-term effects on the death rates of domestic assault suspects due to arresting them versus warning them at the scene. Methods We calculated the expected distribution of adjudicated guilty and not guilty cases in the smaller sample of cases for simultaneous and sequential lineups if a stratified sample of the larger set of cases had been used.
This introductory textbook focuses on describing contemporary research methods in criminology and criminal justice. A research or evaluation design is quasi-experimental if subjects are not randomly assigned to the treatment or control conditions but rather if statistical controls are used to study cause and effect. Also provides descriptive and evaluative accounts of innovative programs and policies, state-of-the-art surveys and reviews, and legal and historical analysis. Prior to the visit, an intervention was randomly administered to half of the targets to increase their resilience against attempts by others to obtain their credentials. The journal is committed to the advancement of the science of systematic reviews and experimental methods in criminology and criminal justice. Outcomes were measured after ca. Objectives To assess whether a reentry program targeted towards high-risk offenders leaving Minnesota state prisons significantly reduced recidivism.
Methods First, we review existing criminological theory regarding crime displacement and the alternative perspective—that crime prevention activity might generate a diffusion of crime control benefits. Probation Journal is not limited to probation issues and welcomes submissions from those interested in the wider community justice arena. Results Bivariate and multilevel logistic regression analyses indicate that officers assigned to wear a camera were less likely to perform stop-and-frisks and make arrests, but were more likely to give citations and initiate encounters. Those estimates depend on meeting the strong ignorability assumption that the available covariates well describe selection processes and on use of comparison groups that are from the same location with very similar focal characteristics. Social changes and theoretical perspectives moved corrections away from a focus on rehabilitation to programs characterized by deterrence, incapacitation, and control. This persistent state of limited reporting seriously impedes understanding about how mentoring is beneficial and ability to maximize its utility. However, a clear difference in homicide victimizations of the suspects emerged between those arrested and those warned.
Results The experimental strategy was associated with significant reductions of violent crime and social disorder in the treatment areas relative to the control areas. Outcome measures were re-arrest rates at 18 months post-entry to the drug court, and urine drug test results and structured interview results at 6 and 12 months post-entry. This systematic review and meta-analysis updates previous meta-analyses while focusing on studies of relatively high methodological quality. In January 2015, the U. It refers to factors of the programs, contexts, participants, and evaluation methods. Conclusions Subject to limitations of the matching employed and the use of range data as a proxy for habitat, it is concluded that poaching is a strong threat to the conservation of neotropical parrots—perhaps stronger than habitat loss.