It explains the tasks of every worker in an organization. They should state reasons in case they cannot accept the advice. Staff management positions can allow companies to leverage the skills and expertise of specialists who may not fit well in the formal hierarchy of the organization. In a departmental line type of organization, also known as functional structure, the respective workers and supervisors are grouped on a functional basis such as finance, production and marketing, and so on. This always includes and , and sometimes also. They want to be sure that the work gets done B.
The staff specialists may, however, forget that their value lives in the extent to which they strengthen line managers and also that they are to counsel and not to order. Line should value the special skills of staff and similarly the staff should try to appreciate the difficulties in implementing new ideas. And so, formal relationship between the members of the organization is set up, so as to coordinate their efforts. Educational administration: concepts and practices 5th ed. Impracticality of staff recommendations Since staff people do not implement what they recommend, it is possible that they may think in a vacuum, thereby making their recommendations impractical and which in their turn, often results in friction, loss of morale and sabotage.
Company Oversight Line managers are vital to the success of any growing business. The viewpoints of both line and staff of this conflict are given below: A. Most subordinates are reluctant to except delegated tasks. Moreover, there is a benefit of specialization, as in work is divided between the line and staff executives, and they focus on their respective area. It relies on the scalar principle, which encompasses that authority flows downward, i. Types of Organizational Structures An organizational structure defines how jobs and tasks are formally divided, grouped and coordinated. Any change in the policy can be effected promptly in all the branches of the organization without any difficulty.
An example would be the project of building a new airport. The line-and-staff organization combines the line organization with staff departments that support and advise line departments. The more specialized the job, the harder it is to train new employees C. In the 1980s when many large companies began downsizing to reduce their number of employees, staff jobs were eliminated more often than line jobs. Managers can be very specialized Which of the following is true about departmentalization by function A. Staff managers are placed in charge of vital issues that are best handled by a single, highly specialized individual, or in which a formal chain of command would simply hinder productivity and efficiency.
This confusion may hamper smooth working. Photo by: James Thew Organizational structure involves, in addition to task organizational boundary considerations, the designation of jobs within an organization and the relationships among those jobs. A military-type , commonly in large, centralized corporations. This creates an ideal situation for shifting blame for mistakes. Most medium and large-sized firms exhibit line-and-staff organizational structures. Simplicity: This system is very simple and can operate very easily. The effective health care supervisor 6th ed.
One of the advantages of a line-and-staff organization is that technical experts are more readily available. Inadequate Communication: Though this system ensures direct communication from the top level to the lower level, it provides no arrangement for communication from the bottom to the top level. Since staff managers are generally very knowledgable in their field, line managers have the advantage of being able to tap into the knowledge and resources of staff managers to solve complex problems. Pure Line Organization This type of organization is highly suitable to the small size business organization. If a legal question arises that relates to hiring, this expert is likely to be given authority to make appropriate decisions. The operation of line organization is very simple.
These theories view decision-making power as flowing from a unified command structure. The line organization can be a pure line type or departmental line type. They need to remember that if they undermine line authority, they risk becoming expendable. The authority is embedded in the hierarchical structure and it flows in a direct line from the top of the managerial hierarchy down to different levels of managers and subordinates and further down to the operative levels of workers. The staff consists of two types: General Staff: This group has a general background that is usually similar to executives and serves as assistants to top management. The discipline among employees can be maintained easily and effective control can be easily exercised.
Human resources, information technologies, and finance are infrastructural functions. The nature of the staff relationship is advisory. A disadvantage of a line-and-staff organization is conflict between line and staff personnel. Staff managers are subordinate to the actions of line managers. So, it is called military organisation.