The most widespread example of this is in ocean sediments which become the most important sink for nitrate after organic matter diagenesis depletes oxygen. There are also an incredible number of organisms that don't live in the oceans, but still depend on them for food or shelter. These new studies prompted the Age of Exploration, in which European navigators and explorers such as James Cook, Christopher Columbus, and Ferdinand Magellan launched s around the world. Oceanography covers a wide range of topics, including marine life and ecosystems, ocean circulation, plate tectonics and the geology of the seafloor, and the chemical and physical properties of the ocean. Any violations of this rule could result in expulsion from the project so please, no insults or other negative personal remarks. Some of the earliest oceanic explorations were an attempt to map the world's oceans to make navigation easier.
Sonar measures distance by timing sound waves as they leave and return to a ship after bouncing off surrounding objects. Areas of Research Carbon Cycle Many of our faculty and students are researching how carbon is distributed and exchanged between the oceans, atmosphere, biosphere and geosphere. Currently, about half of the anthropogenic human-caused carbon dioxide in the ocean is found in the upper 400 meters 1,200 feet of the water column, while the other half has penetrated into the lower thermocline and deep ocean. Skin and samples are analyzed to generate information on social, sexual, and feeding habits. Oceans also provide transportation routes for humans and animals; influence weather patterns and regional and global climates; create tropical storms like hurricanes; contribute to Earth's water cycle; and recycle materials through the sea floor.
Not all species responded the same way to higher carbon dioxide levels in seawater and the higher aciditiy it generates. New technology is expanding opportunities for biological oceanographers. Papers should be about 7-10 pages in length, but this is not a rigid requirement, and they will be graded only on content. Ocean acidification threatens corals and shellfish. You may also want to scan relevant periodicals such as Science magazine. Though they must have extensive knowledge of many sciences, not all oceanographers do the same thing.
Our students also present the results of their research at professional meetings all around the globe. Living on ships or in the polar regions can be challenging work, but oceanographers do what they do because they simply love this important field of science so much. Sonar enables scientists to measure distances from the ocean surface to the seafloor more accurately and efficiently than the rope depth-soundings of the Challenger era. Eggleston, Center for Marine Sciences and Technology, North Carolina State University Producer Caryl-Sue, National Geographic Society Sources Dunn, Margery G. At the same time, marine organisms will face the enormous challenge of adapting to ocean acidification, warming water, and declining subsurface-ocean oxygen concentrations.
Their goal is to obtain a predictive understanding of the activities and distributions of marine organisms, from phytoplankton to apex predators. For example, the Scripps Institution of Oceanography was formed in 1892. This research helps scientists understand our paleoclimate. These oceanographers may study biological communities of organisms like fish schools, coral reefs, and algae blooms; species adaptation and evolution; migration patterns; underwater signaling like whale songs ; food webs; and much, much more. It has also explored many shipwrecks that were once out of reach for underwater archaeologists, extracting samples such as tools and pottery.
My place of relaxation is beach, especially the peaceful quiet morning beach. If a media asset is downloadable, a download button appears in the lower right hand corner of the media viewer. She should admit that the project is experiencing more issues than it was anticipated. They may also use chemistry to understand how ocean currents move seawater around the globe and how the ocean affects climate or to identify potentially beneficial ocean resources such as natural products that can be used as medicines. Although somewhat analogous to what we are observing today, this carbon dioxide release occurred over several thousand years, much more slowly than what we are witnessing today, thus providing time for the oceans partially to buffer the change.
This means that oceanographers must be well-versed in many different sciences. Physical Oceanography Physical Oceanography is focused on the interaction between oceans and atmosphere and how that interaction influences and shapes our world. Physical oceanography requires a basic understanding of geophysical fluid dynamics the study of fluid motion on a rotating sphere , classical physics, and applied mathematics. To accomplish their work, they may use field observations, computer models, or laboratory and field experiments. Specially designed water containers are able to collect the extremely hot waters of hydrothermal vents and preserve the chemical composition of samples through their ascent to the surface.
This is important because the world's oceans serve as a reservoir for elements like carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus- each of which can impact the Earth's atmosphere. All editing, mentoring, and proofreading services provided through PowerPapers. The series seeks to motivate students to become critical thinkers and active problem solvers. Specializing in estuarine and coastal processes with an interest in interdisciplinary projects that address how physics impacts important biological and chemical processes in the coastal environment. Oceanography Research Paper Topics The professional staff at PowerPapers.
Below is a list of topics that would fall within scopes of inquiry related to oceanography. Humans are also dependent on the oceans for food because many of the fish we eat come from ocean waters. Interesting Oceanography Research Paper Topics Beginning the selection of an oceanography research paper topic necessitates that the student formulate a lens of inquiry. Oceanography Term Papers Oceanography--Term Paper Suggestions Each paper must have a purpose, and that purpose must be stated at the beginning so the reader knows what to look for. They record s, patterns, and surface and aerial displays to understand how cetaceans interact with one another and other marine species. Since the oceans are vast and there are many different things to study within them, the topics within oceanography vary but include such things as marine organisms and their ecosystems, , , seafloor geology included , the chemicals making up seawater and other physical characteristics within the world's oceans.