C are unknown, it's purpose, meaning, and eloquence was captured by his good friend Thucydides. For there is justice in the claim that steadfastness in his country's battles should be as a cloak to cover a man's other imperfections; since the good action has blotted out the bad, and his merit as a citizen more than outweighed his demerits as an individual. This will cause the government to have equal justices exist for all people. Unfortunately Pericles survives only in a corrupt text, the Quarto of 1609, in which many passages are nonsensical and others appear to be missing altogether. After the dead had been buried in a public grave, one of the leading citizens, chosen by the city, would offer a suitable speech, and on this occasion Pericles was chosen.
On the other hand, some leaders have actually benefitted from crisis, using difficult times to not only pull their people together, but to actually increase their popularity and thus, support for their initiatives. Two of them died in infancy the remaining twelve living until a ripe old age, Col. Rather, the admiration of the present and succeeding ages will be ours, since we have not left our power without witness, but have shown it by mighty proofs; and far from needing a Homer for our panegyrist, or other of his craft whose verses might charm for the moment only for the impression which they gave to melt at the touch of fact, we have forced every sea and land to be the highway of our daring, and everywhere, whether for evil or for good, have left imperishable monuments behind us. But they, if they meet and defeat a part of our army, are as proud as if they had routed us all, and when defeated they pretend to have been vanquished by us all. In the first book of his History, he tells us about his method and purpose: Of the events of the war I have not ventured to speak from any chance information, nor according to any notion of my own; I have described nothing but what I either saw myself, or learned from others of whom I made the most careful and particular inquiry.
Infested with crabs is another risk because of unclean room. The tactic would seem sound for any leader in a crisis; while few want to be asked to make sacrifices, they have already concluded that they must and know the reasons why, what is at stake. The speech is near a close. Greece, in fact, consisted of dozens of loosely allied city-states, of which Athens and Sparta were the most powerful both economically and militarily, with each embracing numerous allies. All his neighbors respected him and in all his dealings he was fair and square with everyone. For it is only the love of honor that never grows old; and honor it is, not gain, as some would have it, that rejoices the heart of age and helplessness. Our city is thrown open to the world, though and we never expel a foreigner and prevent him from seeing or learning anything of which the secret if revealed to an enemy might profit him.
However, since our ancestors have stamped this custom with their approval, it becomes my duty to obey the law and to try to satisfy your several wishes and opinions as best I may. It would appear that the empire of Athens has found prosperity in all measures of life. On July 17th he was overcome by heat while working on the farm and became very ill and was in a critical condition for about two months when he recovered enough to be able to be up and about a little but was still very weak. If then we prefer to meet danger with a light heart but without laborious training, and with a courage which is gained by habit and not enforced by law, are we not greatly the better for it? We account shiftlessness and not poverty disgraceful. We alone do good to our neighbors not upon a calculation of interest, but in the confidence of freedom and in a frank and fearless spirit. Chap 46 The tribute of words has now been of- fered to the dead. But our present and past victories over Barbarian or Greek are too well known to need rehearsal here.
These tactics are still used in the world today, such as the war in Iraq and Afghanistan and as far back as the Gettysburg Address. There was hype, and glorification given to the men and women that fought, to boost their morale and for them to know they were doing something that helped the country. While giving his speech, Pericles managed to not only honor the dead, but to also inspire the living by reminding them of the accomplishments that there Athenian ancestors have created. For Athens alone of her contemporaries is found when tested to be greater than her reputation, and alone gives no occasion to her assailants to blush at the antagonist by whom they have been worsted, or to her subjects to question her title by merit to rule. As is customary during war, Athens holds a public funeral to both celebrate and mourn their fallen soldiers. You can find it at.
After the bodies have been laid in the earth, a man chosen by the state, of approved wisdom and eminent reputation, pronounces over them an appropriate panegyric; after which all retire. To sum up: I say that Athens is the school of Hellas, and that the individual Athenian in his own person seems to have the power of adapting himself to the most varied forms of action with the utmost versatility and grace. For a man's counsel cannot have equal weight or worth, when he alone has no children to risk in the general danger. Pericles was trying to persuade the people that the war was worth people losing their lives over and that there was a meaning and cause for it. I chose this particular artifact largely due to my own curiosity as to why so many historians consider this an effective speech. After the tree days, a funeral procession would be held where an esteemed citizen would make some small speech on behalf of the lost. Against this fear is our chief safeguard, teaching us to obey the magistrates and the laws, particularly such as regard the protection of the injured, whether they are actually on the statute book, or belong to that code which, although unwritten, yet cannot be broken without acknowledged disgrace.
Towards the end of his life he had this law changed for the sake of his third and final son with Aspasia , Pericles the Younger. If then we prefer to meet danger with a light heart but without laborious training, and with a courage which is gained by habit and not enforced by law, are we not greatly the better for it? Their courage is evinced by their glorious death. In the funeral procession cypress coffins are borne in cars, one for each tribe; the bones of the deceased being placed in the coffin of their tribe. Times of crisis can further complicate garnering popular support in a democracy, particularly if this leader appears weak. William Cutler wrote the following about this gentleman: H. They preferred the safety of the state purchased by their death to personal safety at the price of submission.
Pericles considers this bravery to be the truest form of a mans worth. The speech was intended for every Athenian and any others that wished to attend. In books of quotations, the Funeral Oration always provides most of the entries for Thucydides; these are the lines he is most famous for, and politicians — especially in the United States — regularly quote these lines in speeches. The whole earth is the tomb of the illustrious. Chap 40 Our city is also to be admired for its cul- tivation of philosophy unmixed with effeminacy. Pericles' Funeral Oration can be compared to several more modern speeches, most notably Abraham Lincoln's Gettysburg Address. Neither is poverty an obstacle, but a man may benefit his country whatever the obscurity of his condition.