While the stereotype of poor environmental practices in the textile industry focus on overseas production, American workers are subject to a lot of the same health risks in their own factories. The automatic looms account for only 18 per cent of the total number of looms in the country against the world average of 62 per cent and 100 per cent in the United States. Cotton production in India is expensive because of rigorous and high usage of costly agricultural inputs such as pesticides and fertilisers. The textile industry is facing stiff consumer resistance to all price changes necessitated by the 60 per cent rise in cotton costs. Wages, employment and livelihood issues :- Wages have not increased in the last several years. They account for the largest sector of the textile production in India. Low Quality: Leaving aside a few exceptions, Indian woollen goods are considered to be of low quality in the international markets which results in lack of demand.
The need today is to make the industry technologically up-to-date rather than expand capacity as such. Over 90 per cent units are located in Punjab and Haryana. In Tamil Nadu, Chennai and Salem are important centres. In the recent periods, due to absence of facts and fast stepped deviations, performs in handloom sector became static and seemingly terminated. The long-term problems of the industry include the slow pace of modernisation, outdated technology resulting in low productivity, the high cost of production, low profitability and increasing sickness of mills. Others: Haryana has 160 small mills located mainly at Panipat, Faridabad, Gurgaon and Bahadurgarh. It is really paradoxical that in a country where wages are low and cotton is internally available, production costs should be so high.
Efforts are being made to augment the domestic production by introducing jute cultivation in non- traditional areas. Large sums of money at low interest must be made available if the industry's long-term future is to be bright. Labour indiscipline was nonetheless unimportant. This exposure can lead to respiratory disorders and the fatal disease of byssinosis, commonly known as brown lung, which causes tightening of the chest, coughing, wheezing and shortness of breath. Fluctuating prices and uncertainties in the availability of raw material cause low production and sickness to the mills.
And, in the process, British industry suffered a lot at the hands of the Indian industry. Competition with British and Japanese Machine-made Cloth 3. For instance, textile machinery was unavailable in India—all of this machinery was heavily import-dependent. Cooperative system:- While cooperatives prepare help in maximising the assistances for weavers in the complete manacle of production, their present condition a cause of alarm. Cambodia is strategically located in the heart of Southeast Asia.
Shortage of raw wool: As mentioned earlier, India does not produce sufficient quantity of fine quality raw wool. Obsolete machinery leads to low output and poor quality of goods as a result of which Indian textile goods are not able to face competition in the international market. No doubt Indian labour efficiency was comparable to Britain. As the panels on exports get liberalised and internal markets open up, the textile situation in the country is likely to experience radical variations in terms of assistances, efforts like designs, market trends and fluctuating anxieties therein. The advisory boards for the ministry include All India Handlooms Board, All India Handicrafts Board, All India Power looms Board, Advisory Committee under Handlooms Reservation of Articles for Production and Co-ordination Council of Textiles Research Association.
The ex-mill price of controlled cloth has also been raised by 35 per cent from the level it was fixed at in 1974. Some sections of handloom weavers are breathing in hand-to-mouth conditions, with no house or assets. New Insurance Scheme for Handloom Weavers- This scheme covers the following benefits as mentioned as, People Accidental Insurance against accidental death at premium of Rs. In fact, it was due to the lower efficiency of Indian labour automatic looms came late in India in relation to Japan. As a result mills have little conception of demand and are frightened by the prospect of having to hold on to their own stocks should they produce too much. Bangalore and Bellary are important centres of Karnataka.
Jamnagar specializes in worsteds, blankets and shoddy goods. According to a working group of the Planning Commission the industry needs Rs. The long term problems of the industry include the slow pace of modernisation, outdated technology resulting into low productivity, high cost of production, low profitability and increasing sickness of mills. Whereas cotton has been replaced by cheaper synthetics in most of the developed world, India imposes stiff duties on man-made fibres to protect the cotton textile and handloom sectors, with the effect that synthetics cost more than cottons. Different product mixes, expensive advertising campaigns and a paring of margins have all been tried, to no avail. Three problems faced by cotton textile industries in India are i Power supply is erratic. The rest are scattered over Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Delhi and Maharasthra.
And yet, strangely enough, as little as two years ago it seemed as though textiles were riding an ever expanding boom. Availability of raw materials, market, transport, labour, moist climate and other factors contributed to localisation. Since then, the textile industry has experienced one of those inexplicable traumas that seem to besiege Indian industry with unwavering regularity. Forced cultivation of Indigo and other plantation crops on agricultural land changing the cropping pattern 2. Continuously increasing cost of raw material ,fuel,power ,man power and now dyes chemicals. Waste in the Industry The textile industry is known for rampant waste of resources, especially water. That, only time will tell.
As a result of which the share of mill sector is decreasing, while the share of decentralised sector is increasing. Woollen textiles was quite popular as cottage industry in India during the historical times. The automatic looms account for only 18 % of the total number of looms in the country against the world average of 62 % and 100 % in the United States. The important items of export are woollen fabrics, hosiery and knitwear, druggets, carpets, shawls, blankets, lohis, mandahs, etc. The other centres are Amritsar, Ludhiana and Kharar.
According to one estimate in India over 60 per cent of the spindles are more than 25 years old. In fact, it was due to the lower efficiency of Indian labour automatic looms came late in India in relation to Japan. Other fibres produced in India include , , , and. The Indian silks were often exchanged with the western countries for their spices in the. But it reappeared after 1930 despite a high tariff rate of 50 p.