Razia will be remembered in history for her indomitable spirit and her wise and just qualities. Her abilities and diligence, no less than her mother's royal lineage, commended Razia to Iltutmish and made her a confirmed favorite with him. Razia succeeded her father to the in 1236. With reluctance, the nobility agreed to allow Razia to reign as Sultana of Delhi. In any case, before long she had aroused the jealousy of the Muslim nobility by the favoritism she displayed toward Yaqut.
Razia Sultan was the Sultan of Delhi in India from 1236 to 1240; she the first Muslim female ruler. Besides Minhaj, there are two other contemporary chroniclers of Razia's life: Fakhr-I-Mudabbir and Sadruddin Hasan Nizami. Razia Sultan, originally named as Jalalat-ud-din Razia, being the daughter of Iltutmish, was one of the rulers of Slave dynasty. History says that the members of Indian National Army were also imprisoned here in 1945. Razia was an efficient ruler and possessed all the qualities of a monarch. What the reality stands, may always be a mystery.
With Iltutmish's widow Shah Turkaan for all practical purposes running the government, Ruknuddin abandoned himself to the pursuit of personal pleasure and debauchery, to the considerable outrage of the citizenry. Meanwhile modern-day encroachers have placed plastic sheets around the tomb and started to live in it, turning it into an urban ghetto. But the were not happy with this decision. Though her reign was just for three years, her bravery, her struggle and her undaunted spirit has been preserved in the treasures of history. However, her accession to the throne did not go well with the Turkish nobles who were jealous that a woman could become the sultan.
After just six months, on 9 November 1236, both Ruknuddin and his mother Shah Turkaan were assassinated. Being just and sagacious, she patronized the learned. All the plots eventually came to surface and Razia was wise enough to realise her mistake and eventually accepted her childhood sweetheart Altunia. St James Church- Built by the famous Colonel James Skinner, this church imitates St Paul's Cathedral in London. Iltutmish had come to Delhi as a slave.
Finally in 1236, Razia gathered support of her subjects and defeated her brother. Rukn ud-din Firuz's reign was short. Being an efficient ruler Razia Sultana set up proper and complete law and order in her in his empire. Whether Yaqut was Razia's lover has been debated for centuries, but even if he was not, Zakaria feels that the fact that he continued getting promotions to higher ranks would have elicited the envy of the Maliks. Zakaria speculates that the queen may have been too preoccupied with the affairs of state or may have been psychologically blocked—possibly from her upbringing—to have given sway to her emotions. It was true; while his sons were enjoying youth, Razia was actively participating in the Administrative matters of the kingdom. On 9 November 1236, both Rukn ud din and his mother Shah Turkaan were assassinated after only six months in power.
Turkman Gate- The southern gate of the old walled city, this gate was named after the Muslim saint, Hazrat Shah Turkman Bayabani. Razia's Legacy As sultana, Razia reportedly sought to abolish the tax on non-Muslims but met opposition from the nobility. Amazons to Fighter Pilots: a Biographical Dictionary of Military Women. Sultana Razia: Empress of India. There is no record that she made any attempt to remain aloof from her subjects, rather it appears she preferred to mingle among them. Her reign was characterised as spirited and dynamic by many.
Nevertheless, Iltutmish's eldest son Nasiruddin Mahmud, Razia's brother, was groomed by Iltutmish to succeed him. Red Fort- Red Fort was built in 1638 so that it could function as a center for Mughal government. The drama premiered on television through on 31 August 2016 and two episodes is shown per day. Zakaria, Rafiq, Razia Queen of India, Oxford University Press, 1966. Haryana also claims to be having tomb of Razia in Kaithal.
There are three claims regarding her grave. A descendant of the Moslems of Turkish extraction who invaded India in the eleventh century, Razia died 1240 was the only woman ever crowned in the Delhi sultanate, which ruled parts of India from 1210 to 1526. However, when Altunia was in Bathinda, the Turkic aristocracy spread rumors about Razia's romantic involvement with , an Habshi slave. Although the Delhi sultanate regained control of most of northern India in the early sixteenth century, it was finally destroyed by Babur, founder of the Mughal empire, in 1526. A Textbook of Medieval Indian History. Though it happened behind many veils and doors, their relationship was no secret in the Delhi court.