Role of tax in the economic development of a country. Why tax matters for development 2019-01-22

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Importance of Tax, Types and Objectives of Tax

role of tax in the economic development of a country

A reconciliation of these two contradictory goals of growth and reduction of inequalities can definitely bring forth better results. But in case human resources remain either unutilized or the manpower management remains defective, the same people who could have made a positive contribution to growth activity prove to be a burden on the economy. A mounting public expenditure is also required in building social overhead capital. However, the core basic industries like defence, railway, power and energy etc. State is represented by the government. Employers are responsible for paying these taxes, which include social security insurance and unemployment compensation. Ultimately, it is a human enterprise.

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Role of the Government towards the Development of the Country

role of tax in the economic development of a country

City and county governments have the primary responsibility for elementary and secondary education. To save these situations, in 1991 the Government of India adopted New Industrial Policy. The exact change effected in the national economy will depend on the form and the magnitude of public revenue, especially, the rates and structure of taxation and the mode of public spending by the government. Steven Terner Mnuchin was sworn in as the 77th Secretary of the Treasury on February 13, 2017. What are the Importance of Tax Tax is a major source of government revenue and its contributes for the overall development and prosperity of a country.


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Development in Action

role of tax in the economic development of a country

The current situation shows that low-income countries typically collect taxes of. People who bring together various resources to produce goods or services in an economy. Among the largest are social security and Medicare. It is imposed on the goods at import, production and selling stages. Political and administrative delays tend to aggravate the problem and the desired effect of fiscal programme may not be realised. Such a revenue is known as government revenue.

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Importance of Tax, Types and Objectives of Tax

role of tax in the economic development of a country

Moreover, the government is also giving stress on the development of other tertiary sectors like banking finance, insurance etc. In a modern market-based economy like that of India, the balance be­tween direct taxes on income and indirect taxation on expenditure and trade is heavily weighted in the direction of the latter, particularly in the form of import duties and sales taxes. There is considerable disagreement among economists and policymakers about the usefulness, or necessity of taxation in raising resources for financing economic development in developing countries like India. Why not write for our blog? Custom duty may be export duty or import duty as its nature and imposed to the trading goods. Sometimes, even if the fiscal action is taken at a right time, in quantitative or qualitative terms, it may not be adequate or appropriate. It may be financed even by means of deficit financing. But, in practice, land taxes are not important as a source of tax revenue.

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Economics of Taxation

role of tax in the economic development of a country

It is money foregone that could be spent on healthcare, education and infrastructure. The regulatory system is also often misused and the licenses are not always granted on merit. Establishing a process of taxation could help stimulate and regulate good governance in developing countries. After all, though we may have a handle on the global loss of revenue to tax havens generally, for policy responses to be effective, we need to know how much specific countries, and particularly developing countries, are losing to particular offshore jurisdictions. In our country, governments levy several different types of taxes on individuals and businesses. Payroll taxes are an important source of revenue for the Federal Government. Taxes are employed to garner as much resources as possible to finance the programme of economic development.

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Role of Taxation in Financing Economic Development

role of tax in the economic development of a country

The concept of tax was initiated with a view to generate government revenue in its very beginning stage. Great reliance on foreign aid is highly risky, and thus has to be avoided. Direct Role : The government is a social-welfare organisation. Revenue is also collected through user fees, such as at the entrances to national parks or at toll booths on highways and bridges. Everyone benefits from these services, and the most practical way to pay for them is through taxes, instead of a system of service fees. Sales taxes are an important source of revenue for most states and some large cities and counties. The classical economic were in view that the only objective of taxation was to raise government revenue.

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Tax and Development Programme

role of tax in the economic development of a country

In theory, land taxes are probably the most desirable way to transfer resources from agriculture. Aid used in this way can provide the seeds for Africandriven development. But, there is practical difficulty in knowing the changing conditions or appearance of price stability; hence it is very difficult to forecast perfect timing. In free societies, the goals of government have been to protect individual freedoms and to promote the well-being of society as a whole. Whereas 70% of national income is subject to income tax in developed countries, only about 50% is subject to such taxation in developing coun­tries. In other words, trade talks are more than just about reducing tariffs and subsidies to improve market access, but about tax systems too.

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Role of Taxation in Financing Economic Development

role of tax in the economic development of a country

To break this vicious circle, capital accumulation has to be stepped up. There are many other Federal Government services and activities, including protection of natural resources, environmental protection, and maintenance of recreation areas and public lands. For the purpose of development, not only an expansionary budget but a deficit is desirable too in a developing country. The concept of tax was initiated from Great Britain in 1799 to collect revenue for the government to manage the war against France. Two important points may be noted in this context.

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Role of Tax in the Economic Development of a Country

role of tax in the economic development of a country

By the policy of privatisation, the government gives enough licence to the private sectors for developing consumer goods industries along with few heavy engineering goods. Some state governments also use payroll taxes to pay for the state's unemployment compensation programs. Corporate tax is the tax imposed on the incomes of a business entity. So, in order to raise adequate resources for development, the govern­ment is forced to extend the coverage of indirect taxes on mass consumption goods. This idea is not new. There is also the fact that, as far as income tax is concerned, the income of the vast majority of income-carers is so low that they fall outside the scope of the tax system. If some country wants to step-up the tempo of industrialization, it must not allow its agriculture to lag behind.

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