In the week before the start of classes, participants were given two surveys: one of expected college engagement, and the second of video game usage, including a measure of video game addiction. Possible addition identifiers may include Producer, Director, etc. Over 100 undergraduates at Bowie State University in Maryland completed a survey questionnaire instrument. I review access to modern health care and factors which inhibit local utilization of these resources, as well as traditional African beliefs about medicine, disease, and healthcare. A journal article that has been properly summarized provides potential readers with a short review, which is important when they are browsing and searching for specific information about a particular topic.
Quotations are more often used when writing a college paper or essay, and are less important for a journal article summary. The sample was nonrandom, including 162 coaches that were chosen on a volunteer basis. In addition to taking up valuable space in your abstract, jargon or meaningless filler will confuse or frustrate your readers. In a quick free write, describe the academic journey of the article, listing the steps taken from starting point to concluding results, describing methodology and the form of the study undertaken. Junior high coaches were significantly lower in training and instruction than either high school or college coaches.
Robbins, personal communication, January 4, 2001. This should be the final step before you send your abstract to a journal or conference panel. Redoing a study may confirm its initial findings or reveal its possible shortcomings. While my own experiences have merged Elizabethan with the 1950s, other designers have merged Elizabethan with contemporary and even a rock concert theme. For example, a search in the Academic Search Premier database for the author Sandra Hofferth shows the articles she has co-authored on a range of children's issues. The lack of knowledge about the protests was not a result of scarce media attention. It states only that the paper discusses the implications.
Although more research is needed to identify the underlying mechanisms, findings suggest a need to sensitize students and educators about the potential academic risks associated with high-frequency cell phone use. How does the above example of an abstract suggest what is at stake? Read actively as you comb through the material. Your prof may ask you to avoid first person in your own abstract. If you want to quote a certain part of the paper, you need to include the page name at the end. The ecological generaliziability for the study is fairly high. Toward the beginning of the article, possibly in the introduction, the authors should discuss the focus of the research study and what the targeted objectives were for conducting the research.
Participants who spent time on Facebook reported being in a more negative mood than those who spent time on the control website. These results indicate that voles are selectively avoiding bare areas, while not choosing among dense patches at a fine microhabitat scale. Only Qualified Specialists Article Critique Example One of the ways of simplifying the whole process of completing the assignment is using an article critique example. If no author name is available, or if the author's name is identical to the username, leave it out. If you follow all the recommendations, you will easily complete an outstanding article critique without any efforts! How is Significance Communicated Here? The surveys were mailed out, and returned on a volunteer basis. Move on to the sections of your article that discuss the research methods, recommendations and the conclusion. At each trap site I analyzed the type and height of the vegetation in the immediate area.
In brackets, provide a brief explanation of what type of data is there and in what form it appears. . In an online world of full-text, sometimes these indicators are stripped away and it can be more difficult to determine the focus, audience, and purpose of a work. Ask yourself these questions and look at the article to check if if the way it looks and is written indicates it is a reliable, accurate source: 1. This paper would have been even better if the student had added a sentence or two about the results of the study.
The study found there is a relationship between social media use and its impact on police brutality. Costumes help tell a story, and without guidance, that story is lost. Next, read the article carefully, highlighting portions, identifying key vocabulary, and taking notes as you go. To avoid having to read through the whole thing twice to remind yourself of the main idea, make sure you get it right the first time. The conclusion usually restates the main argument, and it will tell you what the article contributes to the field. If the program has had several losing seasons in a row, perhaps the attitude of the coach could be different than that of a coach who has recently won a state title. Were the authors successful and did they meet their objectives for conducting the research? In such cases, look for scholarly materials in related areas that can provide a critical framework for you to use in analyzing your topic.
It depends on what field you're writing a summary for. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 33 5 , 211-218. It would have also been possible to actually go to individual schools and meet with the coaches as a group to administer surveys. These will help you discover the main points necessary to summarize. An abstract is highly condensed and cannot provide the same level of detail regarding the research and its conclusions that a summary can. A journal article summary provides potential readers with a short descriptive commentary, giving them some insight into the article's focus.