· Questions:- Generate questions about the content of the reading. Survey or skim The first step of the procedure is to survey or skim. After reading the entire assignment, test your memory by reviewing your list of questions. In this Article: Reading requires a strategy; otherwise you loose focus easily and get distracted. As he reads, he thinks about the questions he wrote down in the previous step and notices their answers.
Then it happens, just before the bell rings. Survey with purpose, to get a background knowledge, an initial orientation that will help you to organize the material as you read it. After following these five steps, you will have actively read a text and you will be better able to remember and explain what it is about. Because it helps you to discover the important facts and ideas that are contained in your textbook, and master and retain that information so that you are prepared for an examination. For example, convert headings and sub-headings into questions, and then look for answers in the content of the text. Examples of common text features are bold print, italics, colored text, headings and subheadings, charts, graphics, illustrations, and glossaries or indexes.
Asking questions focuses your concentration on what you need to learn or get out of your reading — it provides a sense of purpose. All three groups were given multiple choice and short answer tests. To do this we would think aloud about each of the headings and subheadings to thoroughly review the entire chapter. The method was introduced by , an American education philosopher in his 1946 book Effective Study. Things were different for the longer and more complex passages. Read After surveying and generating enough questions, readers start actively reading the text.
Talking about what you read can help you understand the information more completely. How does this information help me? Reading General Non-fiction Books When I read general non-fiction books, with the intent of remembering what I see as important as opposed to reading just for entertainment , I create a list of questions for the whole chapter during the chapter survey before reading. Classrooms all over the world have begun using this method to better understand what they are reading. In other words, skim the text, but do so with the purpose of getting a sense of the focus and general ideas presented in the reading. Thinking about these bigger questions helps to place what you've read within the context of the course and your education — and is likely to lead to better retention.
Create a series of questions to be answered in your reading. If you liked this article, then please subscribe to our Free Newsletter for the latest posts on Management models and methods. While this method will take time and practice to master, once it is learned and applied, it will no longer be necessary to re-read textbook chapters. For their study, McDaniel and colleagues gave students brief passages to read. Once you are sure you know and understand the question and answer, check it off. If you've taken good notes, you can use them to study for exams.
Try to understand what it is that the author wants to convey. You follow these five steps: S urvey , Q uestion , R ead , R ecite and R eview. This method instructs the diligent student to immediately review all sections pertaining to any key words forgotten. You want to do well… though, without spending forever on this homework. By first focusing on the structure of the text, you get a foundation on which you can place all relevant information. The readers are urged not to read the text immediately.
As he reviews the text, he looks for answers to questions he was unable to respond to in the first reading and recites the answers to those he did during the first reading. Rather than languishing away reading and re-reading your difficult textbook, give the 3R method a try. After reading it, you will understand the basics of this active reading method to read and learn more effectively. Some words are in color, others in italics or bold print, not to mention large chunks of plain text. Super Study Skills Scholastic Guides.
He advises to turn each section heading into a question step 2 , and then actively read the section step 3 to answer the question. The notes also help during subsequent spaced reviews e. This survey step only takes 3—5 minutes, but it provides an outline or framework for what will be presented. Pay attention to the way the paragraphs are laid out into sections. Give less attention to unimportant information. A description of each of these steps is given below: These five steps, when applied to textbook assignments, will help you in making your study time more efficient and effective.
The goal of this reading method is to help students to efficiently and actively work on reading and understanding educational texts. Other more general questions may also be formulated: What is this chapter about? Sometimes things make perfect sense as we read, but not so much sense later on, as we try to remember. Click here to the worksheet. You have read this far, so I think my new book might be very helpful for you: A no-nonsense guide to help you to improve your memory and learning and manage information. Question Ask yourself questions about the text that you scanned during the previous step.