This card can beparticularly useful in cases of suicidaldepression, where the figure on the bridge isperceived as contemplating jumping off, as alast attempt to resolve her difficulties. The manner in whichthe older man is perceived is particularlyimportant. Instead of answering specific questions or rating yourself on some scale, you tell an open-ended story that makes sense to you. These tests calculate your answers and give you a numerical score telling you where you fit among the normed scores of others who have taken the same test. Murstein explained that different cards may be more or less useful for specific clinical questions and purposes, making the use of one set of cards for all clients impractical. Themes of narcissism, achievement, prowess, homosexuality may be observed.
He is alsoconsistently aware of how individualsinteract with their environment. Thus, it is importantto note how the subject handles his orher own anxiety as well as howcharacter deals with his or her situation. Or maybe your score tells you that you fit into some personality type, such as easy going versus go getter, thinker or artist, introvert versus extrovert, and so forth. Murray and Morgan spent the 1930s selecting pictures from illustrative magazines and developing the test. The gender of the two persons is notdefined. Journal of Personality Assessment, Volume 56, Issue 1 February 1991, pages 56 - 74. For certain subjects, theambiguous nature of this picture cancreate anxiety and insecurity.
The way in which the subject handles fear can also be analyzed. Will they fit well withthe general atmosphere and attitude ofthe company? Above them andagainst the side of a cliff appears to bea dragon. One card is completely blank. Murray and Morgan focused especially on motives related to the needs for achievement, power, intimacy, and problem solving. A story ofdeparture or of termination of therelationship may be reflective of eitherovert or denied hostility on the part ofthe subject. Because the figurestanding behind the tree is carefullyobserving the woman on the bench,stories may provide details surroundingparanoid ideation.
Although the cards were originally designed to be matched to the subject in terms of age and gender, any card may be used with any subject. Also, the impact on the outcome influenced by the strengths of hero and presses is assessed. How will they react toemotional conflicts? First, the examiner should always be conservative when interpreting responses. The picture is also perceived as both figures rejecting each other since both of them are looking away from each other. Other characters provide interpretations of the image that give more insight into the characters themselves based on their interpretations of the imagery.
Sometimes, heterosexual tendencies orfears regarding such tendenciesbecome evident in the story plot. It's also critical that the examiner obtain information about the subject's background, such as age, sex, education, personal history, and the like, in order to provide a context to the subject's story telling. However,because the two figures are often seen asbeing about an equal age, the cardfrequently does not accompilsh0 its intendedpurpose. The background shows two men performing operation on a patient. Picture 2: A woman holding a book in a country scene watching a man working in a field in the background. These drawings were modified by editing out any complexities to make them more ambiguous Morgan, 1995. In particular, subjects frequentlyreveal attitudes toward some externalcontrolling forces.
Historically, it has been among the most widely researched, taught, and used of such tests. Emotion elicited by conflict and the way in which conflict is resolved is assessed. The manner in which the subject handles her own anxiety is important and should be noted. Studies of the interactions between examiners and test subjects have found that the race, sex, and social class of both participants influence both the stories that are told and the way the stories are interpreted by the examiner. For each card, the individual must subjectively interpret the pictures which involves the individual taking their own experiences and feelings to create a story. Observation: The intention of the cards is to bring out mother-child interaction. In thebackground, a man is working a fieldwhile a woman watches.
After 3 versions of the test Series A, Series B, and Series C , Morgan and Murray decided on the final set of pictures, Series D, which remains in use today. If the subject is having an extremelydifficult time coping with the death of a friendand relative, the themes on Picture 15 canprovide useful information as to why thisdifficulty is being experienced. They all have some issues involved in their construction and use. Journal of Personality Assessment, 72, 74-92. In addition, the 31 standard pictures have been criticized for being too gloomy or depressing, and therefore limiting the range of personality characteristics that the test can assess. Rather, examiners have traditionally relied on their clinical intuition to come to conclusions about storytellers.
The person showing you the picture asks you to create a story by answering four questions about each picture: 1. Quinn makes up a story about the two people having a discussion about popularity and dating. Picture 12F: A young woman at the front and an older woman holding her chin at the background. Some subjects write their stories, others are tape recorded. T 1966-1968 that refers to the Test. These four areas are assessed by the 13 scoring criteria, 12 of which are rated on a 5-point scale that ranges from -1 to 3.