Apart from its many religions and sects, India is home to innumerable castes and tribes, as well as to more than a dozen major and hundreds of minor linguistic groups from several language families unrelated to one another. Only after the arrival of the Portuguese navigator in 1498 and the subsequent establishment of European maritime supremacy in the region did India become exposed to major external influences arriving by sea, a process that culminated in the decline of the ruling Muslim elite and absorption of the subcontinent within the. The eastern portion is made up of the combined of the Ganges and Brahmaputra rivers, which, though mainly in Bangladesh, also occupies a part of the adjacent Indian state of West Bengal. Further advancements in modern technology may help in exploiting these resources. Red Panda: Red Cat-Bear Your expedition to the cold desert is incomplete without a glimpse at beautiful Red Panda. The Himalaya range creates many watersheds and feed into the Indus, Ganges, and Brahmaputra Rivers flowing through India and onwards to the ocean. It has been estimated that the Ganga and the Indus carry 19 and 10 lakh tonnes of silt, per day respectively and the silt carried by the Brahmaputra is even more.
The valley sitting between the two ranges is the home to westward flowing Sutlej and Indus rivers and eastward flowing Brahmaputra river. Aravalli range is famous for mineral resources and surrounded by dense forests with rich in. Some of the reasons why people have been so fascinated by the Indian Himalayas is because of the Hindu pilgrim routes, the low valleys that abruptly rise up in high mountain ranges, the lovely trekking hikes, densely forested areas lying just a mountain range away from barren cold deserts, and the lovely people of the mountains in India with their unique hospitable lifestyles. Lhotse Lhotse is the fourth tallest peak of the range. Being the world's highest mountain chain, the Himalayas is characterized by its great height, complex geologic structure, snowcapped peaks, large valley glaciers, deep river gorges, and rich vegetation. In dealing with the great peaks the geologist is at no small disadvantage as compared with the surveyor, whose instruments enable him to work from a distance and to fix with accuracy the position and height of the object of his observation.
However, there has been some change seen in their lifestyle with the improvements of transportation system and communication in the recent years. These complex and diverse eco-regions are interconnected: an ecological threat to one is ultimately a threat to many. Interesting Himalayas Facts: 31-35 31. On the west, the maximum width of the arc is 400 kilometers or 250 miles. The southern slopes of the range are drained by the also known as. It is said that the Lepchas were the natives of this region, but today, they have a minority population.
The sheer height, width, and depth of the Himalaya serve as a template for the study of current or present day effects of the, wind, weather, climate, and affects that mankind may have on the geography of a mountain range. Sources: , , 3, , , ,. Kamet mountain peak is surrounded by three major neighboring peaks and lies very close the Tibet. Makalu Makalu is the fifth tallest peak of the world. The To the north of the Siwaliks and separated from them by a fault zone, the also called the Lower or Middle Himalayas rise to heights ranging from 11,900 to 15,100 feet 3,600 to 4,600 metres. Moreover the designations given under Tanner's system furnish no clue as to the region in which the peaks are situated. If the peaks have been observed from a third station also, difficulties disappear, but when they have been seen from two only, the true points of intersection have to be determined from a study of the several values of height.
I have nowhere seen equalled. The peak has an elevation of 8,156 m above sea level. Defence: The Himalayas have been protecting India from outside invaders since the early times thus serving as a defence barrier. It falls on the fourth day of the Kartik month by the Hindu calendar. You will see more than 30 species of animals and 200 species of birds in this park. The black Necked Tibetan Crane as the name suggest has upper part of the neck and head black, except for a small white patch next to eyes and red bald patch between the eyes.
The remarkable group of peaks in western Nepal, of which Api and Nampa are the principals, has been imperfectly studied. Vindhya range is parallel to Satpura ranges. Those following Islam are mostly found in the western part of Kashmir, with their culture being similar to that of Afghanis and Iranians. The Greater Himalayas are home to some of the tallest peaks in the world. That area has long been famous for harbouring violent gangs of criminals called dacoits, who find shelter in its many hidden ravines.
Himalayas Forested slopes of the foothills of the Himalayan mountains near Kalimpong, northern West Bengal, India. The Himalayan range is made up of three parallel ranges often referred to as the Greater Himalayas, the Lesser Himalayas, and the Outer Himalayas. We need not design constellations to include one whole range, and we need not follow the astronomical plan of drawing animals and heroes; we can have rectangular constellations enclosed by meridians and parallels. Minerals: The Himalayan region contains many valuable minerals. The Himalayas are very useful to India in many ways. The Himalayas form a strong natural barrier to our country in the North.
The forests are also home to a wonderful array of wild flowers. Further to the west, the Kinchinjunga group is also formed of granite. Srinagar is Kashmir's summer capital and Jammu, the winter capital. The observations of Colonel Tanner's assistant Rinzin show another peak called Ningru 23143 feet rising between the two peaks of Api. Comprising of eight hill districts and an area and population that equals the state of Himachal Pardesh, Uttaranchal is an expression of divinity, austerity, meditation, penance and attainment. It is quite overwhelming in its magnitude; it is in fact one of the grandest spectacles that nature offers to the gaze of man.
A crowded cluster that is seldom visible in winter, except perhaps on certain days for a few minutes at sunrise, and that is completely hidden by clouds in summer, presents great difficulties to the observer. Astronauts on board the International Space Station photographed the Himalayas, looking south from over the Tibetan Plateau. The Himalayas is said to be the home of the legendary Yeti. The major passes here in Pir Panjal are the Pir Panjal Pass due west of Srinagar, the Banihal Pass which lies at the top of the Jhelum River at the southern end of the Kashmir valley, and the linking Kashmir with and. Towards the east it extends across Himachal Pradesh forming the high ridges of the Large gorge and extending towards the south of the Pin Parvati Valley before it forms the ridgeline east of the Sutlej River. The largest glacier not of polar origins is the Siachen glacier of the Himalayas.
Because the Himalayas are geologically active, the region is prone to natural phenomena such as tremors, earthquakes and landslides. Because upper portion above 5,500km of this mountain range is always covered with snow. Mountain Names Mount Everest was named by Sir Andrew Waugh in 1865 in honor of his predecessor Sir George Everest who was the Surveyor General of India from 1830 to 1843. The depth of the canyon is 6,500 meters. Ecology: While intimidating mountains like Everest and 2K tend to dominate our perceptions of the region, the Himalayas are rich in biodiversity. The Himalaya can be broken up into multiple zones, each with unique and different material structures and makeups. When the two finally collided approximately 50 million years ago , the northern edge of the Indian-Australian Plate was thrust under the Eurasian Plate at a low angle.