Several studies suggest India could eradicate its hunger and malnutrition and be a major source of food for the world by achieving productivity comparable with other countries. Movement of agricultural produce is heavily regulated, with inter-state and even inter-district restrictions on marketing and movement of agricultural goods. Well, it is a cultivation practice where one can obtain high yield per unit area. Food travels to the Indian consumer through a slow and inefficient chain of traders. Government intervenes in labour, land, and credit markets. Areas that have a fallow cycle of 5 to 10 years are more vulnerable to weed invasion compared to 15-year cycles, which have more soil nutrients, larger variety of species, and higher agronomic yield.
Its recommendations have had a mixed reception. Main article: Indian irrigation infrastructure includes a network of major and minor canals from rivers, groundwater well-based systems, tanks, and other projects for agricultural activities. However, as the population increases, more land is being used up without enough time to regenerate the natural condition of the soil. The crop maturing early is generally harvested before the growth of the long maturing crop and there is thus not much completion between the crops growth. In India, plantation farming is found in some parts of the states of Tripura, Uttarakhand, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Himachal Pradesh, West Bengal, etc.
As the map shows, the traditional regions of high agricultural productivity in India are the north west Punjab, Haryana and Western Uttar Pradesh , coastal districts on both coasts, West Bengal and Tamil Nadu. This causes one of the world's highest food spoilage rates, particularly during monsoons and other adverse weather conditions. There is an immense scope for co-operative farming in India although the movement is as yet in it infancy. In dry farming, only one crop is grown while in wet farming, at least two crops are raised in a year-one in the kharif and another in the Rabi seasons. While the latter are appointed by the landlords, sub-tenants are appointed by the occupancy tenants. Crops are sown in the cool season and grown throughout the rainy period to be harvested in the dry season. Many sedentary farmers in Central America and South-East Asia also find jobs on plantations and return to their homes periodically with their earnings.
With the farmers and the government officials focusing on farm productivity and knowledge transfer, India's total foodgrain production soared. Most farmers carry on agricultural activities for subsistence rather than for making money. India ranks 74 out of 113 major countries in terms of. The National Archives, Government of the United Kingdom. But if there is bumper crop they enjoy the benefit of more revenue.
Crop Rotation This system is a type of subsistence farming. It is used for growing Kharif and rabi crops. But the income of the farm is distributed among the members on the basis of work done for the farm. Corresponding analyses for the index of total agricultural production show a similar pattern, with the growth rate for 1994-2000 attaining only 1. Activists and scholars have offered a number of conflicting reasons for farmer suicides, such as monsoon failure, high debt burdens, , government policies, public mental health, personal issues and family problems. PowerPoint Presentation: In this type of agriculture, crops are raised on a large scale for the purpose of selling the products in the market. This will be practiced in a fixed rotation.
In some areas, this has led to the development of dairy farming. Sustainable agriculture Sustainable agriculture is a modern concept. Farm credit is regulated by , which is the statutory apex agent for rural development in the subcontinent. Animals are reared mainly for meat and wool, and they are kept on large-scale farms called ranches. In many parts of continental South-East Asia such as the Dry Zone of Myanmar, the Korat Plateau of Thailand and the interior regions of Indo-China, the annual precipitation is too low for wet padi cultivation, and the substitute crops are millet, maize and groundnuts grown together with cotton, sugarcane and oil-seeds. Wetland farming is practised in high rainfall and irrigated areas. Climate Regions of India There are three different types of crops that are cultivated throughout India.
Rice output in India hit a new record at 95. Animals like bulls, cows, goats, etc are reared. Such animals as goats, sheep, camels, and yaks, raised by these herders, are able to withstand dry climates. Much manual labour is needed in land clearance to produce food for a few people. Farmers mostly raise one or two crop a year for marketing.
Major crops like oil, palm, tea, sugar, coffee, rubber, spices, orchards and coconut are grown under this farming. Many are nomads who move with their herds of animals over large territories, constantly seeking good supplies of grass and water. Hilly areas are a perfect example of this system. It was introduced by the British in the nineteenth century. Wet Land Farming: i Wet land farming depends mainly upon rains, so it is practiced in high rainfall or well irrigated areas. It is managed by a committee elected by all its members who voluntarily join the farm. Commercial agriculture also includes livestock production and livestock grazing.