There were the categories of teachers — Acharyas and Upadhayas. Development of all round personality:- Ancient Indians believed that personality should be developed through education. This is possible if the teacher has love for knowledge. Education must not be limited to the brain or to the development of the physical senses. The Vedas urge upon men to assemble on a common platform, to think together, and to work together for achieving a common goal. We would restrict this paper to a constructive discussion on ancient ways of education particularly Vedic Tradition with an emphasis on judicious use of latest technologies. Now there is no bond between teacher and student, curriculum is different.
At the initial stage medium of education was mother tongue, later it included Pali and Prakrit and in the following days Sanskrit also included as a medium of instruction. Besides, pupils were acquainted with the principle of know thyself, self-realization, self-confidence and sell respect. This will bring best changes in society. This worldly education dealt with the social aspect, whereas, the other worldly education was related to intellectual pursuits for achieving salvation. Ample opportunities were provided to the pupils for the multi-dimensional development of their personality. With the passage of time, the aptitude or fitness of an individual to receive a particular kind of education was kept above all considerations of caste and status. Subject of Study: The main subjects of study in the Vedic system of education were the four Vedas, six Vedangas phonetics, ritualistic knowledge, grammar, exegetics, metrics and astronomy , the Upanishads, the six darshanas nyaya, vaiseshika, samkya, yoga, mimamsa and vedanta , puranas history , tarka shastra logic , etc.
Education aimed at the infusion of piety and religiousness in the minds of the pupils. That was the main reason why there was a supreme value for morals and ethical decision making in the Indian businesses. The Guru was one who not only imparted his experimental and theoretical knowledge to his students; he was also responsible for spiritual and astral development of his students. The ancient education system achieved its aims to the fullest extent. The cultural unity that exists even today in the vast- sub continent in due to the successful preservation and spread of culture and the credit goes to Ancient Education System.
Samma-Ditthi — Complete or Perfect Vision 2. There are also many difficulties in broadening the knowledge formally because the knowledge is divided into different departments which largely remain incommunicado. In short, the education focus is very broad in school and gradually narrows subsequently. The Student The student in the Vedic school was called brahmacarin. Education is the most urgent need in modern society.
In truth, the Vedas inspire one to be charitable. Vocational subjects have been included in the curriculum in order to vocational education but much is needed to the done in this direction in order to achieve the desired aim. Whatever he acquired through begging alms, he would place before teacher. When one tries to acquire knowledge about an object, the mind, being constantly fluctuant, cannot focus on it fully. There were two classes of educated women, Sadyodwahas— who prosecuted studies till their marriages and Bramhavadinis who did not marry and pursued their studies though out their lives. But their central them is the removal of ignorance and suffering.
Education for worldliness:- Vocational aim :- Happiness in other Vocational aim :- Happiness in other world was given more stress than the happiness in this world. May you resolve with one accord, may your hearts beat in unison; may your thoughts be harmonious, so that you may live together in happiness. However, one must be cautious about the choice of books. Thought not normally competent as teachers they were regarded as possible source of knowledge by Satapatha Brahmana. But both system offered vocational education apart from religious education of their respective faiths.
Ancient Indian literature refers to sixty-four arts which include weaving, dyeing, spinning, art of tanning leather, manufacture of boats, chariots, the art of training elephants and horses, art of making jewels, implements and equipment, art of dance, music, agriculture, building houses, sculpture, medical science, veterinary science, the profession of a chemist, manufacture of perfumes and a host of other professions. Education was not based on caste, creed, colour or religion. Students from China, Myanmar, Thailand, Gandhara and all parts of ancient India came to have their education in those universities. At each step, you create two branches out of each node. It may also be remembered that education is not an abstract term.
Students became judicious, humanist, logical and free from superstitious. The main features of Vedic education can be briefly enumerated as follows: 1. Now, yajña is no longer their sole prerogative. Samma-Sati — Complete or Thorough Awareness. After the initiation ceremony the child left his home to live in a monastery under the guidance and supervision of his preceptor monk. Knowledge of Commercial geography, needs of the people of various localities, exchange value and quality of articles and language spoken at different trade centre were considered necessary. This is not a bad idea at all.