The deadlock was because the Congress wanted a united India whereas the Muslim League wanted partition. On 15th August 1947 India, and on the 14th August Pakistan came into existence as two independent states. Congress, as a national organisation, insisted on having the right to nominate representatives from any of the communities. The struggle with the British Government continued until the end of 1944. The partition of India and the creation of Pakistan appeared inevitable to him. Talks started on 9 September 1944 in Mallabar Hill house of Jinnah, both leaders spent three and half hours of secret discussion but Gandhi later with C. However, differences arose between the leadership of the two parties on the issue of representation of the Muslim community.
This was called the Wavell Plan. With a view to discussing the proposals with the Indian political leaders Wavell summoned a conference at Simlaon 25 June, 1945. Then on his way to Tokyo he died on 18 August 1945 in a plane crash. Failure of the Simla Conference The Muslim League demanded that no other party could nominate a Muslim member to the Council, which would make the League the sole representative of Indian Muslims. He said that no non-league Muslim should be represented to the Executive Council because only Muslim League has right to represent the Muslims of India. Lord Wavell on 25 th June 1945, invited Congress and Muslim League to resolve the issue between them in Shimla.
Talks stalled, however, on the issue of selection of Muslim representatives. On June 14, 1945, Lord Wavell announced a plan for a new Executive Council in which all members except the Viceroy and the Commander in Chief would be Indians. However, a British commissioner would be responsible for trade matters. Dann wütete die Gewalt zwei Monate, unterstützt von der Polizei, gerechtfertigt von führenden Politikern Indiens. Fearing the death of Gandhi in prison as before him his wife and his private secretary were died in the same prison in Pune Palace, Lord recommended immediate unconditional release of Gandhi.
The conference ended in failure because neither Congress nor the League was prepared to deviate from their respective positions on Muslim representation. The meeting was attended by the Muslim League and the Congress both but the disparities arose on the question of Muslim representation. Then there was a session of written correspondence on 11, 12, 13 and 14 September, and on 24, 25 and 26 September 1944, but nothing came out of it. The Muslim League at first refused to join it but later on, it did so. However, a British Commissioner would be appointed to look after the matters relating to the trade. None of the changes suggested would in any way prejudice or prejudge the essential form of the future permanent Constitution of India.
Wavell Plan, 1945 The war in Europe ended in May 1945, but the fear of Japanese invasion still remained. He went to England for consultations in March 1945. This scuttled the conference, and perhaps the last viable opportunity for a united, independent India. However, now it was almost clear to Congress that Muslim League can make or mar the fortune of Muslims of India. In the Council there would be equal representation of high-caste Hindus and Muslims. Congress, which had sent Maulana Azad as the leader of their delegation, tried to prove that their party represented all the communities living in India and thus should be allowed to nominate Muslim representative as well. Under such circumstances, Subhas went to Taiwan.
Alexander—was, therefore, sent to India to resolve the political deadlock. The new government sent the to India and this proved to be the final nail in the coffin of the Wavell Plan. It was seen as strongest at this point of time, than ever before. . Yet he said that it was only possible if the leadership of the leading Indian political parties agreed with the suggestions of the British Government. Amery, the Secretary of State for India, in the House of Commons and by Wavell in a broadcast speech delivered from Delhi.
Yet, he said, that was only possible if the leadership of the main Indian political parties agreed to the suggestions of the British government. He gave the country the slogan of Jai Hind. The Congress opposed this unreasonable demand also. Lord Wavell had a plan in his mind and was eager to invite key leaders to a summit, but he was waiting for something to come out of Gandhi-Jinnah meetings rescheduled on 9 September. But the conflict in Indian leaders increased due to the pressure of Muslim League for the Partition of India.
The talks resulted in the formulation of a plan of action that was made public in June 1945. A conference was held at Simla. The role of Subhas Chandra Bose towards such activities is incomparable. Wavell decided to call all key leaders of India in Shimla on 25 June 1945 and broadcast a message to all Indians on 14 June 1945 showing British willingness to give India dominion status as soon as possible if the communal deadlock is broken down. On the morning of 29 June the conference was reconvened and Wavell asked parties to submit list of candidates for his new council, Azad agreed while Jinnah refused to submit a list before consulting Muslim League's working committee. The Muslim League emphasized that it was the only representative part of the Muslims of India and it would its representatives itself. As a temporary measure, a caretaker government of senior Civil Service officials was formed by the Governor-General towards the end of June 1946.
Four were to be Muslim League members , , and and another Non-League Muslim Muhammad Nawaz Khan a Punjabi landlord. Actually, every nationalist leader wanted to avoid the cause of partition of India. It was Lord Wavell that formally handed over the power to veto-final authority in any constitutional progress in India to Jinnah. Muslims were given 6 out of 14 members which accounted for more than their share of the population 25%. Seeking to assert itself and its claim to be the sole representative of Indian Muslims, the refused to back any plan in which the , the dominant party in the talks, appointed Muslim representatives.
Weighing 109 pounds when he started fast lost eighteen pounds after his 21-day ordeal. He came to India to resolve the issue of political deadlock. Other minorities including low-caste Hindus, Shudras and Sikhs would be given representation in the Council. The Plan suggested reconstitution of the Viceroy's Executive Council in which the Viceroy was to select persons nominated by the political parties. From the third week of March to the middle of June 1945, the three British Ministers along with Lord Wavell had a series of conferences with all the important political leaders of India representing every important party. In March 1944, Mr C Rajagopalachari came out with certain provisions to have a settlement between and Congress.