Often, however, strangers are but wayfarers, probably in need of at least some kind of help. Theme: Vengeance There's plenty of vengeance, or acts of revenge, in The Odyssey. Not only did the war last ten years, but so did Odysseus' journey. With Athena's help, Telemachus calls an assembly meeting of Ithaca's leaders and confronts the suitors. One of the reasons that they are well matched is that they are both survivors. Welcome to a web site that discusses some less revealed themes in the Odyssey.
Odysseus himself never stops longing for home. He can't kill Odysseus, but he causes him to suffer greatly when he creates a terrible storm in the sea which kills all of Odysseus' shipmates and exhausts Odysseus. The Odyssey and Its Themes Homer's great literary classic, The Odyssey, represents and illustrates many emotional and mental values. Homer uses the idea of spiritual growth as one of his underlying themes in the Odyssey. Civilized people, therefore, make an investment in hospitality to demonstrate their quality as human beings and in hopes that their own people will be treated well when they travel. Poseidon can't kill Odysseus because the Fates have determined that he will make it home. Perseverance is also displayed in his way of thinking, his desire to survive and at times conquer, are qualities that promote his perseverance.
. Even his wife, Penelope, literally belongs to her husband. When people follow the code of hospitality they are generally rewarded. Penelope use her wits as well by stalling the suitors by pretending to weave a tapestry. So, why is it that Odysseus is so unfaithful to his wife? In fact, Polyphemus scoffs at the concept and the gods that support it. All of these values can be classified under three different main themes that are constant throughout the epic tale. Athena, who sparks his travels, also grooms him in the ways of a prince.
By the end of the epic, Odysseus seems to be a wiser, more perceptive leader than he might have been had he sailed straight home from Troy. Odysseus' perseverance is legendary, especially in the section of the epic involving his wanderings Books 9-12. Each will die a gruesome death. His biggest mistakes come in the episode with Polyphemus as he first foolishly investigates the Cyclops' lair and ends up getting trapped there , and then cannot resist shouting his name to Polyphemus after escaping thus incurring 's wrath. Telemachus, Odysseus' son who was only a baby when his father left for the war, goes on an expedition to try and learn any information he can on his wayward dad. The Odyssey follows its hero and protagonist Odysseus as he fights to get home after the Trojan War, a war that lasted an entire decade.
While some books only have one themes, others have a multiple. Hospitality, or the lack of it, affects Odysseus throughout the epic, and the reader can judge civility by the degree of hospitality offered. All of these values can be classified under three different main themes that are constant throughout the epic tale. Vengeance Poseidon and Odysseus are the most noticeable representatives of the theme of vengeance. Yet tempering Odysseus' desire to return home is the temptation to enjoy the luxurious surroundings in which he sometimes finds himself -- particularly when he is in the company of beautiful goddesses. Poseidon also continually chastises Odysseus throughout the entire story. Zeus of the Strangers guards all guests and suppliants: strangers are sacred — Zeus will avenge their rights! Even after nearly twenty years apart from her husband, she still remains faithful to Odysseus and refuses to marry one of the awaiting suitors that hassle her day in and day out.
He is able to rescue his men, have them restored to improved versions of their human selves, and leave Kirke's Isle to visit Hades and return. They never once are corrupted by the suitors. Ultimately, the gods decide what happens in the mortal world; lack of free will receives more depth in The Iliad, but is a prominent theme in nearly any ancient Greek text, particularly ones that concern themselves with the omnipotent gods. Melanthius and Melantho die more slowly after the slaughter of the suitors. As he travels from his homeland, to Pylos, to Sparta, and finally back to Ithaca, he regains faith, little by little.
Other themes included loyalty, devotion to others in one's life, depicted quite effectively by Penelope's devotion to her husband - even after 20 years - and vengeance, acts of revenge, depicted most effectively by Poseidon's desire for revenge on Odysseus after the man blinds his son, the cyclops Polyphemus. It was through visitors that the Homeric Greeks learned about and kept abreast of what was happening in the world beyond their local areas. Odysseus' character flaws Though he is usually a smart, decisive leader, Odysseus is prone to errors, and his deepest flaw is falling prey to temptation. Odysseus also receives help from Circe, a sorceress, although at first she does turn his men into pigs. These themes are: A boy's struggle to be a man, a king's struggle to reclaim his kingdom, and a man's struggle to return home.
He has no antidote to the lotus spell. Also, Odysseus and his men came in contact with the lotus-eaters. The Phaeacians, who sail Odysseus home to Ithaca and take good care of him, were well known in Greek mythology for being very hospitable people. This picture came from home. Athena is the maven of makeovers. Spiritual Growth One of the questions often asked about a work of literature is whether the principal characters grow or develop as the story progresses. Odysseus is avenging the suitors' lack of respect for and the servants' lack of loyalty to his office, his property, and his family by killing them.
When Odysseus returns home to Ithaca to find his house overrun by suitors, his revenge is swift and bloody. The work follows hero and protagonist Odysseus as he journeys home to his wife Penelope and his son Telemachus from the Trojan War, encountering many obstacles along the way. Following the usual pattern of a coming-of-age story, the youth sets out with good intentions and an admirable, if naïve, spirit. The gods then help Odysseus and Telemachus kill the suitors and once again take charge of their home. In this epic poem, there are three major themes: hospitality, loyalty, and vengeance.