They had the wealth and social status. Additionally, revolutionary ideas spread to America. The members of the Third Estate formed the National Assembly to force the king to make reforms. The price of grain also increased, and became hard for some to afford. The colonists refused to pay these taxes, and in 1773 the Boston Tea Party was staged to dump incoming tea into the harbor rather than pay taxes on it.
A debate on economic reform and policy in 18th Century France. A revolution seemed necessary to apply the ideas of , , or. The idea of a government—and king—operating with a series of constitutional checks and balances had grown to be vitally important in France, and it was the existing 13 parlements which were considered—or at least considered themselves—the vital check on the king. Many of the most important thinkers of the Enlightenment were French. The monarchy was inept, indecisive and ineffective.
The third estate felt that even though they were the largest of the three estates, taking up ninety seven percent of the population, their ideas and well being was not being taken into account. The aristocratic system was the cause of a great deal of injustice. The most concrete results of the French Revolution were probably achieved in 1789-91, when land was freed from customary burdens and the old corporate society was destroyed. Jacques Necker A Swiss-born banker who served as France's director general of finance in the late 1770s, with high hopes of instituting reform. But Britain had gone into debt.
Higher taxes angered the common people, especially since the nobles didn't have to pay their share. But for all the good will earned, more was lost as the king and his government began forcing laws through using the arbitrary practice of 'lit de justice. They did not pay any heed towards the problems of the common people of their areas. As the revolution proceeded, power devolved from the monarchy and the privileged-by-birth to more-representative political bodies, like legislative assemblies, but conflicts among the formerly allied republican groups became the source of considerable discord and bloodshed. Debt and Taxes In 1789, the French government was in a major financial crisis.
They had just fought this huge war and gained the land left of the Appalachians, but they couldn't settle over there. To meet its regular expenses such asmaintaining the army,the court,running government affairs oruniversities the state was forced to increase taxes. It is uncertain, however, whether revolution would have come without the added presence of a political crisis. This demanded a much higher level of taxation and less flexibility in raising money to deal with unforeseen emergencies. Thus, the autrocratic monarchy, defective administration, extravagant expenditure formed the political cause of the French Revolution.
The third estate felt as if they were being taken advantage of by the first and second estate as well as the monarchy. Foury, Institut National de la recherche agronomoique, 2003, p. But the nobility rejected this proposal, even when Calonne implored with them throughout the Assembly of. The Bourbon kings on palaces, entertainment and gifts to favorites also spent large sums of money. The provincial parlements responded angrily and met with the same fate.
This worsened during the eighteenth century. Neither the clergy nor the Roman Catholic Church had to pay taxes. This caused the price of bread to rise. Ill-will between the British government and its colonies in North America began to develop after 1763. One of the three major things that started the French Revolution was the Declaration of Independence. The french revolution started because Louise the … king of France married an Austrian princess called Marie Antoinette. Due to the deregulation of the grain market, the cost of bread increased and people were hungry and desperate.
Economic Cause: The economic condition of France formed another cause for the outbreak of the French Revolution. Reforms were needed in France, however the new king made a badstate of affairs even worse; D. This set up an arbitrary tax-barrier sometimes, as at every regional boundary, and these barriers prevented France from developing as a unified market. Necker concealed the crisis from the public by explaining only that ordinary revenues exceeded ordinary expenses, and by not mentioning the loans at all. Helping the Colonies vs England had to be good press as Frenchmenwere not friends of the British Empire. Each estate had only one vote. This showed King George was inconsiderate of the colonists.