Democratic Leadership Lewin discovered that democratic leaders are generally more effective than autocrats. Autocratic leadership eliminates this issue because the command goes straight to the workers involved. Authoritarianism is only one of the four main leadership styles and theories. Here, the leaders consider the opinion of the group and work accordingly. One final example of the dangers of autocratic leadership is that of Albert J. It rarely allows for an environment in which creativity will flourish. Employees believed him to be contemptuous, dismissive and even sarcastic, taking over all coverage decisions and killing stories at will.
This is often the case for employees who are new to the job role or those who have a low level of skill and experience. And the more you understand about how cognition affects behavior, the better you will understand what you see. These leaders believe they know best, but they still encourage subordinates to come forward with their ideas. Key Difference — Autocratic vs Bureaucratic Leadership style should be carefully chosen depending on the type of the organization and the workforce. Rather than abusing the power of your position and appearing as a bossy aspiring dictator, you should encourage employee contributions in situations where a decision does not need to be made instantly.
Further, when the subordinates are not much educated and experienced, autocratic leadership is appropriate. A leader is not just being on top of the hierarchy, it is also being member from the grassroots — but a prime mover. Marie Victoire Jaquotot 1772-1855 : Portrait of Napoleon in Coronation Robes Overview Commonly seen in large bureaucratic organizations, the autocratic style is also endemic in certain national cultures. What are Different Leadership Styles? In these cases, a strong leader can jump in and assign tasks and deadlines to direct the work to be completed more efficiently. With the role to enforce the company line, you should make sure you are doing it fairly and consistently. The style is not harsh, as an autocratic leadership type is, but it does punish poor performance.
When a leader exhibits fairness and values the work put in, he shows that he respects the team and their hard work. This brings all of the best ideas to the table and puts the leader in a co-worker type of role that's often respected by the employees. Democratic leaders take an active role in the decision-making process but they involve others. Daft and Pirola-Merlo identify the autocratic leadership style as ruler-centered. So, as a leader, take note that your team would like to bring their ideas to you, and it is important that they are heard, whatever the outcomes will be.
While criticized by many as a rigid and inflexible style, it is also among the most commonly used leadership styles for its proven results. So, while the element of the ultimate authority of the leader remains undisputed, a paternal autocratic system also seeks to ensure that the people in the state are satisfied. Seriously, employees all want to work with someone they like. Predominant and consistent use of autocratic leadership has been linked to high staff turnover, poor morale, lack of development and lack of respect for the leader. Subordinates generally tend to trust and respect a leader who is just, unbiased, and fair. These leaders are confident and certain about what needs to happen and don't want input from others.
That makes it almost impossible for leaders to leave the workplace, as workers can become so dependent on their decision-making abilities that nothing gets done if the leader is not present for some reason. Bureaucratic leadership style was introduced by in 1947. Over time, due to many , autocratic leadership has garnered tons of negative criticism and is looked down upon for its characteristic of not involving the people in the decision-making process. Laissez-faire leaders generally avoid responsibility and power whenever possible. The leader wants others to reach their highest potential, and as a result, they challenge and elevate everyone. Outstanding leaders will always transform their visions into realities.
Examples of Autocratic Leaders While being labeled as an autocratic leader might not flatter most individuals, it is helpful to cite some people who are using this style of leadership. At the end of the day, the autocratic leader is like the captain of a ship: every decision is a weight on their shoulders and they are ultimately responsible for what happens. This person can be the leader, manager, or business owner, who typically has complete control over a project, work area, or whole business and makes decisions with little to no input from group members. This is mainly so because transformational leaders empower followers. Individuals who work for autocratic leaders often fear one mistake will lead to termination.
Employees sometimes need clarity regarding what is expected of them and precise direction outlining their work activities. Though your people already know they have to follow the procedures, it helps them to perform better if they know why they are doing it. Authoritarian leaders are often seen as bossy and unlikable, which may not motivate employees who do not want to please someone they dislike. Punishments from a Transactional or Autocratic leader style are more difficult to apply, because employees typically have layers of protection through unions and other legal rights organizations. In Lewin's study, the children in the democratic group had less output than the authoritarian group but their work was of higher quality.