Cleopatra paid at least one state visit to Rome, accompanied by her husband-brother and son. According to Plutarch, a Greek essayist and biographer, Cleopatra was supposedly an irresistible person by her conversation and it was written that she was a bewitching character. Sara: Yeah, instead of a Roman puppet essentially. Of course, Pothinus found a way to blame Cleopatra for these hard times in Egypt and this helped to spread many lies about Cleopatra throughout the kingdom. Early accounts say a snake, but we don't know.
This shows how Cleopatra ambition and intellect significantly exceeded others as she provided herself with a comprehensive education as a young woman. The Roman Senate deprived Antony of his prospective consulate for the following year, and it then declared war against Cleopatra. For decades Egypt had been a subservient ally to Rome, and preserving the stability of the Nile Valley, with its great agricultural wealth, was in Rome's economic interest. Can you believe an upstanding Roman citizen would do this? The rumour quickly spread that Antony also intended to transfer the capital from Rome to Alexandria. She killed herself by allowing a poisonous cobra to bite her.
She was very well-educated, and first ruler of the family to actually speak the Egyptian language. Sara: So if you'd like to learn more about Cleopatra, come check out our article, Did Cleopatra Really Lose the Battle of Actium? Coin portraits of Cleopatra show a alive rather than beautiful, with a sensitive mouth, firm chin, liquid eyes, broad forehead, and prominent nose. True to the Greek cultural predominance of Alexandria under the Bottomless, Cleopatra knowledge was refined by the stories of Homer, poems of Hissed, histories of Herodotus and the dramas of Meander by the teachings of the best scholars from all over the Greek-speaking world at the Alexandria Museum and Library. Some say she was merely a seductress while others maintain she was an astute politician. She ruled Egypt undisputed for three years, but her brother's advisors plotted against her and eventually removed her from power. Even though they ruled Egypt, they were actually of Greek descent.
Berenice staged a coup while Ptolemy Auletes was in power. Although, I don't know, judging by the debauchery they're known for, livers might be an important component. Auletes went to Rome and asked Caesar and Pompey to recognize him as the legal ruler of Egypt and to proclaim him a comrade and ally of Rome. This proved to be a fatal mistake because she was quickly overthrown and executed by Auletes followers. It was said that she was a pleasure to be around, but because she was not considered to be a beauty, she had to rely on her intelligence to get to the top of the power chain.
Cleopatra snuck into Caesar's palace, and the two soon had a son together. With Cleopatra's death, Octavian took control of Egypt and it became part of the Roman Empire. He knew that he needed more help so he returned to Rome for help. The manner in which he ruled his empire did not offer very many benefits to the general public. Asking whether Cleopatra was beautiful is perhaps then a fruitless question, if beauty is truly in the eyes of the culture in which it is beheld. Cleopatra then took back power.
We know almost certainly that Cleopatra, along with her two most trusted servants, killed herself on August 12, 30 B. And Caligula is super jealous, and has him executed on his way home. But did you know that the legendary saying can actually be just a myth? She does not figure in history until she was 18 years old a grown woman by ancient standards. I don't know, maybe that's why people have to say they're a reincarnation of Cleopatra; you can't say you're a descendant? Katie: No, they hate her. Sara: So 17 year old Ptolemy Caesar is obviously in a pretty risky position as the heir to the Ptolemy's, now that his mother is dead, and as Caesar's son, a huge threat to Octavian.
Alexander Helios was awarded Armenia and the territory beyond the Euphrates, his infant brother Ptolemy the lands to the west of it. She was one of the few female pharaohs, and that is what makes her one of the most famous female rulers of all time. Cleopatra intelligence learnt In the Ptolemaic courts as a child has become somewhat of a legend. Katie: So she and this brother end up having a falling out. The last true Pharaoh of Egypt, Cleopatra was a complex figure who wasn't even Egyptian; her family was Greek! The odds were now against her and the people began to hate her. Rather than suffer such humiliation she sent him a letter asking that she might be buried with Antony, and then committed suicide by allowing a snake to bite her.
Egypt was the largest supplier of grain to Rome and so that the grain supply was not disrupted it was vital that the country be politically stable. After all, both were notorious womanisers and would surely not have fallen for Cleopatra on the basis of sex alone. She was the last Hellenistic pharaoh of Egypt and also the last member of the Ptolemaic dynasty. Katie: And we are suffering through a long rainy week in Atlanta, and we've all been sharing playlists. Cleopatra retreated to her mausoleum and had a message sent to Antony saying she was dead. Achillas, Pothinus, and Theodotus saw another opportunity when Pompey arrived.
But meanwhile, things with the triumvirate start to crumble, and this political marriage, while it holds things together for a little while, Octavia actually mediates a dispute between her brother and Antony. She was a popular ruler among the people of Egypt both because she embraced the Egyptian culture and because the country was prosperous during her rule. Cleopatra also had a sister, Berenice, dearly. A few times during this! Pompey and his army, accepting defeat, sailed to Egypt seeking help. But what did she really look like? So it's likely that before Cleopatra's death, he had been sent with this Greek tutor to escape to Berenice on the Red Sea coast, and Octavian's men followed them and killed the boy. Auletes feared that one day the mighty soldiers of Rome would bring their armed forces to Alexandria and that the Ptolemaic Dynasty would end.