They then sailed south along the coast of China, to what are now Vietnam and Sumatra. The promised prince, too, was dead, so the Polos had to linger in Persia until a suitable match for the princess could be found. In the spring of 1275, the Polos finally reached Shangdu, the summer residence of Kublai Khan. Book two describes China and court of the emperor of the Mongol Empire. Unfortunately he was captured and put into a Genoese prison, where he met a writer, Rustichello da Pisa.
They headed south and eastwards to the prosperous seaport of Ormuz at the mouth of the Persian Gulf. Marco Polo spent 17 years in China before returning to Europe. His father and uncle were Venetian merchants who hadalready completed a trip to China and met Kublai Khan. His well-documented travels to China were some of the most influential in world history, and did much to kickstart the European age of exploration. They crossed over the Mediterranean and Black Sea, passed through the land of Euphrates and Tigris Rivers, and reached the age-old city of Middle East — Baghdad.
Activities Take a ten question about this page. He patronized scholars, scientists, astronomers, doctors, artists and poets. However, he thought they were unicorns. Marco Polo was an Italian explorer. People were fascinated with the world of the Chinese.
They thought they could make their fortune this way. Marco Polo's father and uncle wanted to try something different. Their maps were based on those brought back from China by Marco Polo. Soon he became a confidant of Kublai Khan. He was allegedly buried at the Church of San Lorenzo in Venice, although some historians believe that he was actually buried at San Sebastiano. Khan wanted the pope to send the Polo brothers back to Beijing with holy water and 100 learned priests.
After 24 years spent on the Asian continent, the Polos returned to Venice, but Marco Polo was captured in 1298 at the Battle of Curzola by the Genoese army. Science - In many cases, explorers are scientists hoping to learn about nature and new parts of the world. Venice was a wealthy trading city and Marco's father was a merchant. Kublai Khan was the Great Khan of the Mongol Empire. He may also have recounted stories he heard from other travelers. Marco Polo was attracted by beautiful Kashgar and Hetian famed for its jade. He lived from 1254 to 1324.
Return Home and the 'Travels of Marco Polo' In 1292, Kublai Khan agreed to let Marco Polo, his father and uncle return home, after they convoyed a Mongolian princess Kokachin to marry a Persian king. The dish had already existed in Europe for centuries, according to History. When prompted, Polo dictated his adventures to Rustichello. In 2011, Italy objected when a museum dedicated to Polo in the Chinese city of Yangzhou was opened not by Italian diplomats but by a former president of Croatia, Stjepan Mesic. You might also like: Today's featured page: grade-level estimate for this page: 5th - 6th An ® Web Page Zoom Explorers Marco Polo: Explorer Marco Polo 1254-1324 was an Italian voyager and merchant who was one of the first Europeans to travel across Asia through China, visiting the Kublai Khan in Beijing.
Marco Polo explored at age 17 because his mother died and his father was going back to the Mongol Emporer, the Great Khan. Kublai Khan and his royal court immediately took a liking to Marco and appointed him commissioner in the Mongol government. This made Marco's book even more popular. After the fall of Kublai Kahn, the Ming Dynasty took over China. When he came home he brought back silks, per … fumes, spices, and gunpowder.
The Polos continued, traveling primarily overland and swinging north and south through Armenia, Persia, Afghanistan and the Pamir Mountains. Though the pope did not grant their request, the Polo brothers decided to return to Asia. While he was under arrest, Marco told detailed stories of his journeys to a writer named Rustichello who wrote them all down in a book called The Travels of Marco Polo. Marco Polo Credit: Public domain The Polo brothers went as far as China, then called Cathay, during their travels. According to the account of Marco Polo, Kublai Khan received them well and requested they come back to teach the Chinese people Christianity and western customs.
Why People Explore The reasons for exploration can vary widely. Overcoming the trials of illness, hunger and thirst, escaping bandits and wild animals, they finally reached Xinjiang. Marco's mother died when he was young; therefore, young Marco was primarily raised by extended family. Nevertheless, young Marco Polo enjoyed a keen sense of adventure and curiosity, taking in the sights, smells and cultural phenomena with wonder. Polo eventually returned to Venice, where he died a wealthy merchant. Marco Polo A well-known traveler and explorer, Marco Polo headed for China along the Silk Road in the 1271—1368.